Dwight D. Eisenhower

Chandler Webb

General Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower started out as a general for the United States. He was chosen to lead the allied forces for D-Day and the invasion of France on June 6, 1944. He gained massive popularity from the success there. Then later when he refused to be drafted into the military under President Truman, he again gained recognition.

Desegregation of the South

Eisenhower Republicanism Policies

-Ike wanted to balance the federal budget and guard the Republic from "creeping socialism"

-Worked against illegal immigration from Mexico ("Operation Wetback")

-Sent around 1,000,000 Mexicans back to their country.

-Ike also wanted to cancel the "Indian New Deal" that encouraged Indians to continue their cultures and traditions and form their own governments

-U.S. governments paid some tribes for their land and to end their tribe, but most resisted and the policy was ended.

-Eisenhower continued the New Deal and Fair Deal and finalized them permanently.

-Eisenhower helped the New Deal because he backed the Interstate Highway Act of 1956 which put $27 billion to building 42,000 miles of motorways.

-The new highways helped create new jobs and also helped the suburbanization of America.

-Negatively effect cities, air quality, and energy consumption

The Vietnam War

  • The U.S. originally helped financially aid France in Indochina.
  • France was losing and, in the process losing a lot of American tax money.
  • March 1945, a French garrison was trapped in the fortress of Dienbienphu in Vietnam. VP Nixon worked with Secretary Dulles and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to have American bombers bail them out, but Ike was hesitant for another war and held back.
  • Vietnam was halved at the seventeenth parallel with the promise that the north would hold Vietnam wide elections in 2 years. However, it never happened and the country remained divided with communism.
  • Eisenhower said he would help the Diem regime with money and military aid, but only if it changed. It did slowly, and America continued to help, but communism was growing frustrated and impatient with Diem and America realized too late that they had made a mistake.
  • Germany joined the NATO in 1955 but later the Soviets signed the Warsaw Pact, which worked against NATO.
  • Even with the Warsaw Pact, the Cold War was becoming less threatening.
  • There began a slight lull in the violence for a little bit until Soviet power overtook Hungarians trying for freedom. The US changed their immigration laws for Hungarians to flee here.
-When France and Britain became involved in Egypt to try and release Nasser's hold on the oil supply and ward off threats of nuclear attacks on London and Paris, they assumed the US would give them oil to keep their troops and nations running.

-However, Eisenhower refused and it forced the two countries to take their troops out.

-A once dominant figure the oil industry, America's oil supply has dwindled immensely and the Eisenhower Doctrine was made in 1957 to help ward communist aggression away from European nations, but mostly for the oil there.

Ike's Second Election (1956)

  • Ran against Adlai Stevenson
  • Eisenhower won 35,590,472 to 26,022,752 and 457 to 73 in the electoral count
  • However, he failed to win his party for the HOR or Congress
  • Eisenhower in ill health at the beginning of his second term

Space Race With the Soviets

  • Americans were shocked when Russians released two satellites, Sputnik I and Sputnik II (the second with the first living creature, Laika the dog shown in the picture) to orbit the earth
  • Russians had been trying to convince the world that communism was the best way to advance and this helped to prove it
  • The main concern was that the Russians would release missiles on the US with this new technology
  • Eisenhower declared that the U.S. should not be bothered by any of this
  • "Rocket fever" took the nation
  • Ike created NASA and gave billions of dollars to the research of missile development