OCD

An Explanation of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Definition

The Mayo Clinic defines Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead you to do repetitive behaviors (compulsions). Many times people with OCD do not understand their compulsions but perform them anyway.


Prevalence

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder affects:


Evaluation of the Disorder

According to Obsessive compulsive disorder by DJ Stein, "The most common obsessions centre around concerns of contamination, harm, hoarding, and sexual, somatic and religious preoccupations, while the most common compulsions include washing, checking, repeating, ordering, counting, and hoarding." Evaluation should include attention to and assessment of "symptom patterns, severity, functional impairment,…pregnancy, and other medical conditions" (Stein, DJ).


Helping Children

It is important for children to understand that their behavior is not their fault. Teachers should be supportive and even modify lessons to help the child.


http://kidshealth.org/parent/emotions/behavior/OCD.html#

Medical or Other Issues

OCD has been associated with depression, Tourette Syndrome, bipolar disorder, hyperactivity, and other personality disorder. Again, OCD is an anxiety disorder so anxiety attacks may be triggered which can lead to harmful actions.

Sources

  • "How Many People Have OCD?" International OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) Foundation. International OCD Foundation, 2012. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.
  • "Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Kids Health." Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Ed. Elana P. Ben-Joseph, MD. Nemours, 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.
  • Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 15 Dec. 2010. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.
  • Stein, D.J. "Obsessive compulsive disorder." South African Journal of Psychiatry 19.3 (2013): 180+. Health Reference Center Academic. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.