The Boston Tea Party

Tea Troubles In Massachusetts

Research Introduction

You shiver at the cold December air and try to fix your disguise as you watch the others on the ships Dartmouth, Eleanor, and The Beaver dump three hundred and forty-two chests of tea into the ocean. You look at your own chest and throw it over, proudly. This may seem just like a waste of resources to you, but in reality, you have just started the most influential event to start the American Revolution. The Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773 in the colony of Massachusetts. Many colonists were angry at Britain because they had enforced the Tea Act which forbade them from buying tea from anyone other than the East India Company because the sale of the tea could save the company from financial ruin. The colonies felt that the act was unfair to the colonial merchants Colonists worried that these acts may be extended to other products as well. The colonial merchants could possibly lose their businesses. This was a constant reminder of Britain’s right to tax the colonies without any representation in the British government. This led to protests of the Tea Act and eventually led to the idea of the Boston Tea Party. Many colonists disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians and walked down streets to Griffin’s Wharf at Boston Harbor. The “Indians” then broke into the three ships and used tomahawks and clubs to break open the chests and dump all of the tea in the Boston harbor. As the tea was broken into, some of the crowd of colonists watching this major event ran onto the ships to try and gather as much tea as they could before it was thrown into the ocean. The three hundred and forty-two cases of tea that were thrown into the ocean resulted in the destruction of $16,000 worth of tea leaves. The Boston Tea Party was the most influential event to start the American Revolution as the result unified the colonies and had a great impact on the American Revolution.

The Boston Tea Party

Research Highlights

  • The Coercive Acts were enforced but the colonists called them the Intolerable Acts, because they were acts the colonists could not bear.
  • The Intolerable Acts only increased the harsh feelings of discontent in the Massachusetts colony, and that discontent spread to all of the other colonies.
  • Since the Boston Harbor was closed, supplies from other colonies were sent to Massachusetts including food and money.
  • The idea of choosing drinks other than tea spread all over the colonies and drinks were made from all different leaves instead.
  • The Boston Tea Party's effect was huge, as the Colonists fought for over 6 years to gain their independence.
  • The Boston Tea Party is remembered as the celebration that led to the formation of the United States of America

Juliana Hassouna