chinese school of thoughts

by jaquala

Confucianism

A way of life taught by confucius in the 6th-5th century BC. It was found in china by confucius (551-479 BC). He was born in a small feudal state of lu in what is now Shangtung province. Confucianism beliefs were human nature the faith of odinary human beings to become inspiring sages and worthies is deeply rooted in the confucian heritage. Another belief was heaven they regarded it as a positive and personal force in the universe.
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?edufilter=E-nIA6VrvGA5Avu83FoomA&v=-BGl9Uw5B2E

Legalism

It was one of the main philosophic currents during the warring states period. It was an utilitarian political philosophy that did not adress higher questions like the nature and purpose of life. The founder of legalism was hanfeizi he died in 233BC. The political doctrine developed during the brutal years of the fourth century BCE. Legalist believed that government could only become a science if rulers were not deceived by pious, impossible ideals such as tradition and humanity.
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Taoism

Is a philosophical and religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with tao. Founder was laozi (old master) had lived at the time of confucius. He has been credited with writing the dao de jing  or the way of virtue. The taoist believed in Ch'i, death and afterlife, immortals, purpose of life, and the tao. Laozi designed the behavior of the political leaders and princes in conformity with the immutable laws of the universe.
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Buddhism

A religion indigenous to the indian subcontinent that encompasses a variety of traditions, belief, and practices largely based on teaching attributed to siddhartha gautama, who is commonly known as the buddha. Buddhism traditionally incorporates states of meditative absorption. The buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of indian subcontinent some time between 6th and 4th centuries BCE. There are two major branches of buddhism, Theravada and Mahayana. Theravada has a wide spread following in sri lanka and south east asia. Mahayana is found throughout east asia and includes the traditions of pure lands.
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