Johnson

Kailyn Lee 7th

Election of 1964

  • Becomes president after assassination of Kennedy

  • Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson

    Republican Barry Goldwater

  • Johnson overwhelmingly won the election with 486 electoral votes as to 52 (Goldwater)

The Great Society

  • Congress created two new cabinet offices: Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • Legislative achievements LBJ's Great Society program were: aid to education, medical care for the elderly and poor,immigration reform, and a new voting rights bill
  • Biggest reform since the New Deal
  • Aided to eliminate racial injustice
  • 1965 came Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor.
  • The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 abolished the quota system that had been in place since 1921

Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

  • August 1964, U.S. Navy ships had been helping South Vietnam attack the coast of North Vietnam.
  • On August 2th and August 4th, two U.S. ships were allegedly fired upon. Johnson called the attack "unprovoked" and moved to make political gains out of the incident.
  • Passd Tonkin Gulf Resolution: lawmakers virtually gave up their war-declaring powers and handed the president a blank check to use further force in Southeast Asia.

Civil Rights

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965: banned literacy tests and sent federal voter registers into several southern states.
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964: gave the federal government more power to enforce school-desegregation orders and to prohibit racial discrimination in all kinds of public accommodations and employment.
  • The 24th Amendment: 1964 abolished the poll tax in federal elections, yet blacks were still severely hampered from voting.

1968

  • In January 1968, the Viet Cong attacked 27 key South Vietnamese cities
  • Eugene McCarthy and Robert F. Kennedy both entered the race for the 1968 Democratic presidential nomination.
  • Tet Offensive adds to Vietnam War
  • June 5, 1968 Robert Kennedy was shot and killed by an Arab immigrant
  • Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated
  • Richard Nixon won election of 1968
  • American Independent Party: George C. Wallace