Basic First Aid for Adults

Always call 911 first if perceived to be serious

Burns

Remove from source of burn

Cool burn (except 3rd degree)

Cover with sterile dressing (except 3rd degree)

Call 911 and and care for shock

FOR THIRD DEGREE BURNS CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY AND DO NOT TOUCH THE BURN. IT IS THIRD DEGREE IF THE PERSON DOES NOT FEEL ANY PAIN (nerves burned away)

Choking

Bend patient over and give 5 back blows (upper back)

Give 5 abdominal thrusts upwards in the area of the diaphragm

Continue until object comes out or professional help arrives

CPR

Call 911

Place person on firm, flat surface

Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute

Give 2 rescue breaths (blow for 1 second) or until chest inflates

Repeat until help comes or victim regains consciousness

Stroke

Acronym: FAST

F: Face-Ask the person to smile. If one side droops, it's a stroke

A: Arms-Ask the person to raise both arms. If one drifts down, it's a stroke.

S: Speech- Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. If the speech is slurred, it's a stroke.

T: Time- Call 911 IMMEDIATELY if you see any signs

Head, Neck or Spine

Call 911 first

Minimize movement of the head

Stabilize the head

If it is turned sharply to one side, DO NOT move it