Canada In 2035

what will Canada look like in 2035?

Introduction

Canada is a great country, with many great things to offer to its citizens. It has a phenomenal immigration system, great landscape, many global connections, and amazing cities. But with many great things, many faults come as well, such as the problem of our low birth rate, urban sprawl, and climate change. In this reading you will find out the beneficial and non beneficial of living in Canada, and what Canada is projected to look like in 2035. So will Canada be the best country in 2035?

Unit 1: Changing Populations

Canadian Immigration

Most of Our Immigrants Come from China and South Asia.
These immigrants coming from overseas have increased our population and have also made Canada a more multicultural country
Canada used to have a lot of openings in the labor market, but since many immigrants have come over to Canada, they have gone in to the labor field and have filled in the positions
Majority of immigrants coming to Canada decide to settle in Toronto, Montreal, or Vancouver, Therefore these cities become major metropolitan areas and highly diverse.This will shape our society in the future, because we will be more multicultural

Canadian Population

Currently we have a population of approximately 35 million people.
We are in Stage 4 of the demographic transition model.
Being in stage 4 means that our population has slow growth.

One main reason why we have slow growth is because the baby boomers are going into retirement, and since they have aged the elderly population is greater than the youth population.

Another factor contributing to slow population growth is that our birth rate is very low. If we have a low birth rate, then we will have slow population growth.

The main reason why we have a low birth rate is because our fertility rate is 1.5 children per woman.

When you have a low birth and fertility rate and an ageing population you get slow population growth.

FNMI Population

Approximately 1.4 million FNMI's are currently living in Canada, which is 4.3 percent of the total Canadian population.

Aboriginal people have a higher population of youth

They have a higher birth rate than death rate and this means that the population is growing rapidly unlike Canada's general population

The federal government should give more access to schooling for the children so they can learn and develop their skills.

Aboriginal people have a high fertility rate and a shorter life expectancy, so if the fertility rate is high then the population is expanding. The federal government needs to give them access to healthcare for the woman, better healthcare to increase the life expectancy and to help expand aboriginal population.

Canada's population 2035

By 2035 I think Canada will be a desired destination for many countries. Their are many push and pull factors that are going to pull and push immigrants to Canada. Their are many push factors such as, a corrupt government, bad education, and religious prosecution. The most important push factor in many South Asian countries is violence on the streets, With a lot of violence many citizens do not have a feeling of safety, which is very important. In many South Asian countries citizens are forced to stay in their homes, because of the danger outside, with all this they do not have any freedom. Canada also has many pull factors such as great education, great place to start a family, and healthcare. The most important one is a great education. With a great education the youth will have lots of access to materials and supplies that will further enhance their skills. If you take the Push and pull factors into consideration Canada will be a very desired place for immigrants. Like I said above Most immigrants coming to Canada in 2035 will come from South Asia and China. The reason for this is because of the many pull and push factors that will continue to occur in 2035. By 2035 Canada's population will change. We will have a population of approximately 41 million, and we will continue to have slow population growth as our population will continue to age as baby boomers are going into retirement. Our birth rate will continue to be low, because of our fertility rate will also continue to be low. It is projected that by 2035 the fertility rate will be 1.3 children per woman. By 2035 immigration will be a the biggest source of population growth. By 2035 we will also get some immigrants from more 3rd world and developing countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, and Zimbabwe, as more countries will look to immigrate to Canada. By 2035 the FNMI population will have a high birth rate, and fertility rate, but a short life expectancy. By 2035 Our FNMI population will also face many issues such as lack of shelter, food, healthcare, and education. In order to solve these problems the government of Canada will need to do some funding To educate the youth, give healthcare to the infants, and mothers, and improve the life expectancy.
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Unit 2: Interactions In The Physical Environment

Canada has a very unique and diverse climate. The reasoning for Canada's climate is because of the 6 climate factors that affect it's climate, Latitude, ocean currents, winds and air masses, elevation, relief, and near water (LOWER N). The first climate factor is latitude. This means that the further you are from the equator (more north) the more frigid temperatures you will receive. That is why Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut have very frigid temperatures. The second factor is Ocean currents. Ocean currents act like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water from the equator to the poles, and cold water from the poles to the tropics. The next factor is winds and air masses. They affect climate by bringing over winds and air masses from different regions into new regions, bringing those temperatures from the region the air mass started from. Elevation affects climate, because the higher the altitude the colder the temperature. That is why vegetation in mountainous areas and vegetation in northern areas are similar, because vegetation is occurring in cold temperatures. Relief also affects climate and in order for relief precipitation to occur their needs to be an onshore breeze and a mountain. The last climate factor is near water. Bodies of water tend to absorb warm heat during warm periods and release the warm heat during cold periods (the moderating affect). All these 6 factors are the reason why Canada has the climate it has

Tundra

The tundra is a treeless place, which is very cold, has thin soil, and lots of permafrost. The winter temperatures average at -40 degrees. One factor affecting the tundra's climate is latitude. Since the tundra is farther away from the equator the temperatures are very frigid. Another factor is ocean currents. Cold ocean currents from the poles bring frigid water and temperature to the Tundra.

Appalachian Mountains

The Appalachian Mountains are a very well known mountain range. They extend for 1,500 miles from northeastern Alabama to the Canadian border. These mountains were worn down by ice and water to produce a landscape of rolling hills and broad valleys. A typical height for mountains in this chain in about 1000 meters. The climate is generally humid, but in the Canadian range the temperatures get cold, and they get the heaviest snowfall. Two factors affecting the climate are relief and ocean currents. Relief precipitation only occurs if their is an onshore breeze, and in the northern parts of the region the ocean currents bring cold water from the arctic in the winter, and the gulf stream currents bring warm water from the Caribbean

The Hudson Bay Arctic Lowlands

The Hudson Bay Arctic Lowlands have a very dry and cold climate. They are located in between the Canadian Shield and the southern shores of the Hudson Bay and James Bay. It has a very shallow and smooth floor , lots of permafrost, and sea ice. The three factors affecting the climate are Latitude, Winds and air masses, and near water. Latitude affects the climate, because the Hudson Bay arctic lowlands have a very northern latitude, meaning they are farther way from the equator. This means that they will have a very cold climate. The wind blows from west to east over a continental region, so because of this all the cold and dry air masses coming from western Canada come to the lowlands bringing very cold winds. In the Hudson Bay Arctic lowlands the moderating affect takes place meaning that the winter's are warmer, and the summer's are cooler

How Will Climate Change influence our climate and country in 2035

The environment, the country, and the land form regions will all be negatively impacted by climate change. Climate change will have a huge impact on the Tundra. their will be changes in sea ice, the melting of the sea ice, and the melting of permafrost. This will affect many species living in the tundra, and by 2035 the higher temperatures might kill of some species living in the tundra such as polar bears, caribou, and arctic fox. Climate change will also have a negative impact on the Appalachian Mountain region. In a recent study, by 2035 the drier conditions will lead to many forest fires especially in the southern part of the region. Also by 2035 the climate might be so dry that it could be dangerous to enter the trail. The Hudson Bay Arctic Lowlands will also be affected by climate change. In past years the Lowlands have not been affected by climate change, but scientists hypothesize that in the next up coming years that climate change will have a ginormous affects on the lowlands. Their will be shorter winter's, the melting of permafrost, sea ice, and glaciers, and less solar radiation. By 2035 all of this is expected to happen but individually and as a country we can limit and reduce the influence climate change will have on our climate and our country. Climate change will also affect northern Canada, and the western and eastern coast. It will affect northern Canada by melting the permafrost, sea ice, and killing certain species in the tundra. the western and eastern coast will be affected by climate change by the rising of the sea level, and the number of storms will increase as well.

Unit 3: Managing Canada's Resources & Industries

Currently our most important resources are fresh water, coal, natural gas, lumber, and metals. About 97% of our oil reserves are in the Alberta Oil Sands, and production of the oil sands are expected to increase by 75 % by 2035. A very important reason why we need lots of oil production is because our main export to our main trading partners the U.S.A is oil. We need to keep the production of oil to continue to be on good terms with the U.S.A. Currently we are not very sustainable with our resources, but in order to fix this we need to think about Sustainable Resource Development and Sustainable Yield Management. We need to be using our resources without compromising the ability for future generations to meet their needs and we need to know how much of a resource can be harvested without depleting the resource. Canada is connected to the rest of the world through globalization, NAFTA, and WTO. Globalization is the process of exchanging goods, services and ideas between countries. It connects countries and and brings all different nations together as one. NAFTA was a free trade agreement signed by Canada, U.S.A, and Mexico in 1994. It keeps theses three countries connected and because of NAFTA these three countries are on very good terms with each other. WTO is a world trade organization. It allows Canada to trade with countries all around the world and it helps Canada to become globally connected.

Managing Canada's Resources & Industries by 2035.

By 2035 I think Canada's most important resources will be oil, lumber, and copper. Oil will be very important, because currently our number one export to our number one trading partner, the U.S.A is oil, and if we want to continue to be on good terms with them we will need oil as a very valuable resource. Lumber will be a very important resource in 2035, because in 2035 our population will continue to grow, and we will need more houses and in order to build those houses we will need lumber. Also in 2035 the manufacturing industry will be very important and wood/lumber will be very valuable. Copper will be a very valuable resource, because copper is a depleting resource, and the demand for copper is very high, so as the population increases and copper is reducing we will need lots of copper. Copper is used in electric motors, architecture, and cables. To use oil, lumber, and copper in a sustainable manner we will have to think about sustainable yield management and sustainable resource development. We will have to extract the resource without completely depleting the resource and we will have to use the resources to help meet our present needs without compromising the ability for future generations to meet their needs.

Unit 4: Liveable Communities

Canadian Cities are facing many issues currently such as urban sprawl, waste management, transportation, and water needs. Edmonton, Toronto, Vancouver, and many more cities across Canada are all facing these issues. Whenever their is an issue their is always going to be a way to solve or minimize the affect of these problems. Some solutions to the issue of waste management are landfills, recycling, and Waste to Energy. Some solutions to the issue of long commute/transportation times are take public transportation, bike, walk, and carpool. Using these alternative methods of transportation is more environment friendly and is a solution to solve the problem of Long commute time. Some solutions to the issue of Future Water needs is to be more sustainable, by not trading fresh water and recycling our fresh water.

Urban Sprawl & Sustainable cities 2035

Currently urban sprawl is a very big issue, and I believe it will also be a huge issue by 2035. I believe this, because their are many solutions to urban sprawl such as, biking, walking, less commute time, and to get involved and make a difference, but currently we have not executed these solutions and I believe this will not happen for awhile. Urban sprawl will still be an issue in 2035, but their are ways we can limit urban sprawl. One way to limit urban sprawl is an infill, An infill is the taking over of open land that has not been used in awhile. This is a very key way to limit urban sprawl, because we will not be taking over agricultural and environmentally protected lands. Another way Ontario can limit urban sprawl by 2035 is to design cities with high density residential areas, so everything is compact and more people will be walking and biking. This will also be more environmental friendly. In order for cities to be sustainable in the future, some cities will need to take initiatives. One initiative that some cities can do is to increase the public transport. In order to increase the number of people that will take the public transit system, some cities will have to increase the cost of car ownership and gas prices and thoroughly encourage walking and biking. Another initiative some cities can do is to extract less resources than nature's ability to replenish. One very important thing that cities can d to become more sustainable is to use sustainable energy. Most cities are currently using fossil fuels, but I believe that by 2035 some cities will have to or will already be using sustainable energy, which causes almost no pollution. Furthermore some cities will have to insulate buildings and install more modern heating and ventilation equipment. The reasoning for this is because currently in the developed world 40% of carbon emissions come from buildings come from heating, cooling and powering buildings, so if we install more efficient buildings we will reduce the amount of carbon emissions

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Conclusion

Canada is great country with many things to offer its inhabitants such as a phenomenal education and government system, global connections, and many fantastic landform regions. But with the problems of urban sprawl, low birth rate, an ageing population, and climate change, we will face a lot of adversity. In order to overcome these problems we will have to use infills, high density residential houses, increase our fertility rate, and reduce our carbon footprint. We also need to do sustainable development which means we need to preserve our resources for the future. I believe that if we solve these problems and sustain our resources for the future, Canada will be the best country by 2035.