Battle at Fort Sumter

Becca Ladd 2nd Period

4/21/1861 Charleston, South Carolina

  • Start of the Civil War
  • South Carolina seceded on December 20, 1860
  • US Ship, "Star of the West" was sent by President Buchanan to supply US with food
  • It was fired upon by Citadel Shore Guns (1st Shot of Civil War)
  • Buchanan did nothing to stop Southern forces
  • Lincoln did not reinforce nor abandon Ft. Sumter, he would only send food.
  • P.G.T. Beauregard told Maj. Anderson to surrender but he refused so the Confederate Army opened fire the next morning
  • It lasted for 34 hours
  • Anderson didn't shoot for the first 2 hours
  • The firing continued all day but the Union tried to conserve their ammunition
Saturday, April 13, Anderson surrendered

Casualities

  • No soldiers were killed during the battle
  • The only deaths were during the evacuation where 1 solider was killed and 1 wounded

Commanders

Outcome: Confederate Victory

Signifiance

  • Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee all seceded within weeks
  • West Virginia breaks away from Virginia
  • Lincoln's Goal: "Save the Union"
  • Lincoln suspends the right of Habeas Corpus

Forces

Union: 80

Confederate: 500