Bengal (Indian) Tiger

Julia Pilecki 8 Gold

Body Structure, Habitat and Diet

Bengal Tigers are the largest member of the cat family. Male Bengals can grow to be 3 feet in height, and 10 feet in length (including the tail.) Bengal Tigers are found in places ranging from the Russian far East through parts of North Korea, China, India and Southeast Asia. Bengals live in areas that are forests, grasslands or near swamps. Bengal Tigers are carnavors. Bengals eat termites, baby elephants, moose, types of deer, wild pigs, cows, horses, buffalo's, and goats. On occasion, they will eat tapirs, rhinoceros calves, types of bear, leopards and Asiatic dogs.
This picture shows the Bengal tigers stripes and body structure.

DID YOU KNOW?

About half of the entire Tiger species are Bengal Tigers.

White Bengal Tiger

There are many subspecies of the tiger and one of the rarest is the white Bengal Tiger. It is said that for every 10,000 tigers, there is one white Bengal. White Bengals are physically made the same (same body structure) as the normal Bengal. The only difference is that white Bengals have blue eyes rather than brown, pink noses rather than black, and white fur with black stripes rather than reddish-orange fur with black stripes. In 1951 the maharaja of Rewa captured a white tiger in the forests of the Bandhavgarth National Park. He was named Mohan and was mated in captivity to multiple tigresses (a tigress is a female tiger). Every white tiger in zoos across the world, currently, are of Mohans decent. Since 1951 when Mohan was discovered, there has been no other white tiger siting in the Bandhavgarth Region.
This picture shows a white Bengal tiger in one of its habitats (a swamp), searching for prey.

Reserves

Bengal tigers are an endangered species- in fact all species of tigers are endangered. People throughout India and America are trying to preserve and re-populate the Tiger. There are many Tiger reserves, the most important reserve in India being the Bandhavgarth National park. The park is a 241 sq mile area that provides a home for some 50 tigers, 250 species of birds, leopards, deer, jungle cats and packs of dhole. (dhole are wild Indian dogs). Other wildlife/tiger preserves in India are the Corbett National Park, Melghat Tiger reserve, Periyar Tiger Reserve and the Ranthambhlore National Park.

DID YOU KNOW?

Tigers have no known predators, besides the lion prey competition

Bibliography

Encyclopedia Britannica


http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9072439

http://school.eb.com/eb/article-235529

Seaworld.org

http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/tiger/diet.ht


Dalal, Roshen et al "Eyewitness Travel: India" London: Dorling Kindersley, Limited, 2002