Canada In 2035

Envision the Future

Introduction

Hello! Have you ever wondered to yourself what Canada will look like in 2035? If you haven't then here is my take on the future of Canada. Start imagining!

Unit One: Changing Populations

We all know that Canada will look really different in 2035. While I was imagining Canada in 2035, one of the first things that came to my mind was population. The population will change by a lot! In fact each year, 260,000 new immigrants come to Canada. On top of that there is the natural increase rate. Let's think about it for a second, if 260,000 new immigrants come every year and we are thinking 20 years into the future then the total number would be somewhere around 5,200,000 more people, and then there is the natural increase rate. I believe that the death rate will go up because at the moment a lot of our population is old, in the next few years some of them may start dying. The generation right now will start to get old as well. The birth rate will decrease. I think this because people have found other alternatives such as using birth control. Millions of houses and birth control being in almost every single one of them, the population isn't going to be going anywhere but down. People right now aren't having many children because their work might get disturbed or maybe they just can't afford one right now. Much of Canada's population growth is because of immigration. Most new immigrants come from China, India (basically most of South Asia), and the Philippines. As of 2013 our population was around 35.16 million, it must have increased in the past year and in the next 20 years it is definitely going to increase.

Right now, we all know that First Nations are treated very badly. One of the examples that I could pull up from the past are residential schools! Residential schools were supposed to be fun and a nice experience, but they weren't. They caused so many people to commit suicide! A man's father got raped by someone when he attended a residential school. Children were either forced to go to residential schools by being threatened saying that if they didn't go then they would do something to their parents, or they were just lied to and told that it would be amazing. But once they reached they were tortured and beaten! But on the bright side people are trying to put a stop on it and I think a lot of them have stopped because it got a lot of media coverage. Now, the FNMI population will probably decrease in the future because they might not even end up with enough space for their own families which will obviously affect the fact that they might not be able to have many children in the future due to a lack of space. First Nations aren't supposed to pay taxes but the majority of them does. One type of tax that you will find a lot of First Nations paying is property tax. The only good thing is that there are organizations that are trying to stop this and help the First Nations live a better life. In the future I think that the FNMI population might get to live a better life because I am almost positive that these organizations will find some sort of solution, and the government will probably end up helping them because of the amount of media coverage that this could get. The only thing is that in the future we might end up taking up more of their land because our population will increase and we will need space.

Let me talk a bit about how the population will change. Now, obviously the population will increase by a lot. We are going to get millions of new residents as mentioned before with great detail. Some reasons why people come to Canada are better job opportunities, in search of a better life, better education, security, family reunion, etc. It could be a bunch of reasons and I am sure that the list will grow as the years pass. The FNMI population will definitely drop because of the reasons mentioned before. Canada determines who can come in using the point system. The three classes that are welcome are the family class, refugee, and economic immigrants. Everyone else I believe has to go through the point system process.

Now, you may be wondering why people came to Canada in the past. Well, during the 1600-1800's people from France and England came to participate in the fur trade. During the 1840's Irish settlers came to avoid starvation during the potato famine. During 1872 the Dominion Land's Act offered 160 acres of free land to anyone 21+ for $10, but they had to build a house on it in the first three years. During the 1870's- 1900's people left Canada due to a difficult lifestyle here. During 1901-1914 there was a massive expansion into Western Canada from Eastern Europe for free land. During the 1930's and 1940's the depression and world war two limited immigration.
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Unit Two: Interactions In The Physical Environment

As the rate of pollution increases, so does global warming. Pollution is released into the atmosphere in a number of ways such as factories letting out fuel, coal being led out into the atmosphere, car pollution, etc. Now we all know that many industries rely on oil and Canada has a lot of it. As we extract it, it harms the planet. If there is an oil spill then that's really bad news because we just contaminated a lot of fresh water and killed a bunch of living things under water. Living things dying is horrible news for businesses such as fishing companies because they need fish to run their business but if all the fish are dead then there businesses are going down which will eventually have a bad affect on the economy. Global warming will make the whole planet really warm causing glaciers to melt which will eventually leave us with less food. A hotter climate will increase evaporation which will affect the amount of water we have left over in the world. More evaporation means more precipitation and if a lot of rain falls at once and the soil can't absorb it then there are going to be more floods which will affect our day to day lives. On top of all of this, animals are dying! Horses and birds are an example of some of the animals that are dying. Wild species are going extinct already because of this so in the next 20 years some species probably won't even exist anymore.

One thing that will surely change is the amount of water available. Since the climate is changing we are definitely going to get more droughts and floods which would harm the water resources for the 21st century. Climate change will definitely alter water availability at local and national levels. I believe that there will be more calcification. Calcification is when the climate is very dry, water is forced upwards due to evaporation which means less water, and all of this is just an impact of global warming. On top of all of that, the water levels are rising which means that in the next 20 years we are going to receive more floods, droughts, and eventually a couple of tsunamis. The water temperature is also warming up. In the next 20 years, the water level will decrease because of the amount of people using water for millions of different reasons and because of natural disasters.


As the climate changes, so will the seasons in a negative way. First of all, unsettled seasons mean more natural disasters. More precipitation due to unsettled seasons. As warm and cold fronts collide the warm front is forced upwards because the cold air mass has more dense air, as soon as the warm air mass reaches the top it cools and forms an anvil shaped cloud. As the earth rotates so does the warm air mas but not clockwise, counter clockwise. This is called Cyclonic Precipitation. Once the storm begins, you don't want to be outside because these storms are really violent and stretch for thousands of kilometers at a time. An example of Cyclonic Precipitation was the ice storm from 2013 that took place in Toronto.


As seen in the famous YouTube video "Story of Stuff", we learned that our consumption can actually be really harmful to the planet/environment. As the years pass our consumption rate will increase by a lot. At the moment, millions if not billions of products are sold everyday, and I'm sure that as the years pass the number will increase. Products are actually designed to break or start giving you problems six months after purchase, because that way you would go and buy the next big thing in the market which would benefit the economy but harm the environment. If we dispose functional products then the only thing we are actually destroying is our own country/planet.


Cutting trees was never a good idea to start with but now its harming the environment more than ever. Think about it, cutting trees means less oxygen for 8 billion people and billions of animals. More CO2 builds up in the atmosphere since photosynthesis can't happen. Photosynthesis is the process of a plant or tree taking in carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. As more CO2 builds up in the atmosphere it starts to warm the planet, which results in global warming. The scariest part is that if the nitrogen cycle continues in forests then eventually trees will start producing carbon dioxide, making the air more toxic.


Climate change also started spreading some infectious diseases making people really ill or putting them on their death beds. Diseases spread really fast and if many people get them all at once then hospitals will need faster service due to a bunch of people coming all at once. This is only going to be more costly to the government.


There are only two ways to solve this problem. One, just adapt to the new climate and continue living life the way you've been living it. Two, try to control the rate of global warming.

Unit Three: Managing Canada's Resources And Industries

It's pretty obvious that our economy will grow. Right now Canada's economy is the 14th largest economy in the entire world, and it is definitely going to be ranked higher than that in the coming years. Out of 100% of the work force, 76% of the employees work in the service industry which is the tertiary industry. 13% of employees work in manufacturing which is the secondary industry. 6% of employees work in construction which is still the secondary industry, and 2% of employees work in farming which is the primary industry.



Here is my take on the most important resource or the leading source of income for our economy in the next 20 years. At the moment oil, minerals, and forestry are our most important resources but oil and minerals have become the leading source of income for the economy. Canada will probably export more than import in the next 20 years which will lead them to a trade deficit. If we give more then we get more money but we lose more of the resource. Exporting stuff like oil will also harm the environment by polluting it. At the end of the day we might not have enough of whatever resource we are selling left over for ourselves since we are giving it all. In my opinion the top two resources of the future for Canada will be water and oil. Water because we have a lot of it. Out of all of the water in the world only 3% is fresh water, and since we have a bunch of great lakes in Canada we tend to have a small fraction of that percentage. In the future when we start running out of water countries are going to buy it from us because we tend to have more. Oil because we already have a lot of it in Canada. We have 168 billion barrels in reserve and still extracting. The world runs on oil so that's why people would need it and we can't stay alive without water.



Eventually globalization will take over the world. The reasons behind why I say that are that technology is so advanced already so in the next 20 years it's going to be even better and will allow us to do so much stuff. Because of the technology we have at the moment, we have a bunch of ways to stay connected with the outside world, in the future there will be even more ways. I also think that along with all of these changes there are also going to be some cultural changes. Expressions/slangs will be passed from country to country in a second. New beliefs will be created and the Canada will look like a whole different place in the end.


International trade will increase for sure. More groups like the WTO (world trade organization) and NAFTA will be created cutting tariffs and allowing free trade to happen. Countries will rely on one another more than before. Right now, not a single country is independent as every single country depends on a different one, so in the future that is going to increase as well. I think that there are going to be more private industries because international trade agreements benefit private industries the most. There are definitely going to be more multinational/ transnational corporations. I just think that there are going to be many more companies such as McDonalds, Ford, Coca Cola which stretch past the border of a country.


The GDP and GDP per capita of Canada will definitely increase as well! More public consumption means more government expenses which means the GDP will definitely grow! At the moment our GDP is ranked 14th in the world. It is $1825.24 billion and will definitely increase in the future. Our GDP per capita will also increase. As our population increases there are going to be more jobs and more jobs means more money per citizen which will definitely make the average go up. Right now our GDP per capita is $37,520 and ranked 9th in the world. However the government will have to give more subsidies to farmers for example. Because farming is one of the most important jobs yet it is so difficult and a very small percentage of the population is working in farming.

Unit Four: Liveable Communities

Some issues that Canadian cities are facing right now is congestion. Too many people so basically most of Canada's communities are known as dispersed communities because everything is so congested and people could literally walk everywhere. People walking everywhere is the only good part of dispersed communities because that' is less pollution but when many people choose to drive around in a dispersed community then that isn't good for the environment because that's just more traffic. Right now the population density of Canada is 3.7 people per kilometer so in 20 years it'll be somewhere around 5.2.


The amount of space used by the following things is eye opening! In the next few years it'll probably be double this number. Transportation (roads, highways, bridges, etc.) take up 32% of the space. Institutional and public buildings take up around 10% of the space provided. Open space and recreation only takes up 7% of the space, this number will drop for sure because we are going to make more stuff and we will need space and if there is just open space then they are going to use it up. 6% of the space is for industrial use. Commercial land takes up 5% of land, this percentage will definitely increase as the years pass. However the one that takes up the most amount of space is residential, 40% of the space in Canada is used for houses, buildings, etc.


Urban Sprawl is not good and it will only increase in the future. As more people come there are going to be more government expenses which is also going to increase the GDP of Canada. More people also means more congestion which means more pollution. More congestion means more people per kilometer increasing the population density. Congestion will increase pollution which will enhance global warming. There will be less open/ natural space for us. Urban sprawl isn't good and it can only be controlled if people are going to go to other areas/communities, which will give us concentrated communities but at least it'll give us lots of space. Also with lots of space it'll give us less traffic which means less pollution which means that we might have a chance at controlling global warming. To make more space for people, we are probably going to have to cut trees down and use up our natural space. This isn't going to be good for the environment but it is one of the only ways, and it's going to be a lot worse if you don't do anything to fix it. If you are going to cut a tree you should plant a new one with it, but somewhere else so you could still use that space for what you cut the first tree for. The best thing about more space is that there will be less congestion.

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Conclusion

In conclusion, I think that Canada isn't going to be the best country to live in, in the year 2035. It's going to be very polluted and very congested. I think that there are going to be some good things about Canada in 2035 but there is always a greater price to pay. This is how I envision Canada in 2035, could you relate?
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