Guatemala

Reseach Flyer

Geography

In Guatemala, you will see that 3/4 of the region is made of mountainous and volcanic land. With that, There are 32 total volcanoes, and many bodies of water including the Usumacinta River, Motagua River, Lake Peten Itza, Lake de Atitlan, and Lake de Izaba.

There are also many plains surrounded by two large bodies of water, which is why there are two blue stripes on the Guatemalan flag.

How the Geography & Climate Affect Guatemala

Geography- They need to change how they build their houses which considers making it out of steel, concrete, fireproof insulation, without windows, and on a very sturdy/reinforced base with "shock isolation supports" that absorb sideways acceleration, in case of eathquakes too.
Most houses must be "hermetically sealed", with its own air supply for an indefinite stay. Several escape hatches or tunnels should also be availbible to you to get out after the eruption or earthquake happens.


Climate- The climate in Guatemala tends to stay tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands. This affects what people have to wear on a day-to-day basis as well as how to build houses too. If they are living where it is usually warm, they will build a house with less insolation and more windows and air conditioning. If they live somewhere where it is cole, they will want a lot of insolation and possibly a fireplace and heater, ext.

Population and People

The population of Guatemala is 15.47 Million people! Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European people make up 59.4% of the whole Guatemalan population. Along with that, the main language spoken is Spanish, with 60% of people there are able to speak, write, and communicate in the spanish language. Last of all, the main religion in Guatemala is Roman Catholics.
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Government

They have what's called a "Head of State." This person (as of now) is Otto Pérez Molina. At the same time, the Head of State also takes on the role of "Head of Government" in Guatemala as well. They are like us, they are also a multi-party system too. The "terms" of office for president, vice president, and congressional deputies were changed from five years to four years, for Supreme Court justices went from six years to five years, and increased the "terms" of mayors and city councils from 30 months to four years. People in Guatemala are also just like us, they get to vote for who they want elected! Therefore; the majority of the people are happy.

Economy + Problems in Guatemala

Economy- Their main economic industries include sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, and tourism. They sell pretty self-explanitory things too! These are the things that Guatemalans make a lot of their money off of. The richest 20% of Guatemalans accound for more than 51% of the overall consumption!!!


Problems- One of the MAIN problems is that Guatemala isn't a very rich place. They have small homes and not much money at all. That is not only a huge problem now, but it will continue to be in the future if some sort of natural disaster were to happen, they wouldn't have the money to afford re-building. That would be very unfortunate!