Structuralism

Wilhelm Wundt

What is Structuralism?

Structuralism is a theory of consciousness. It is a school of psychology that seeks to analyze the adult mind in its most definable components, then to find how they fit together to make complex experiences and correlate with physical events.

Discovered by Wilhelm Wundt and expanded on by his colleague Edward Titchener

Introspect

Wundt and Introspect

When instructing Titchener, Wundt made a clear distinction between pure introspect (unstructured self-observation) and experimental introspect. This type of introspect uses laboratory instruments to vary conditions and make results of internal perceptions more precise, according to Wundt.

When Titchener took his research and Wundt's work with him to America, his translation of Wundt's work caused a lot of it's original meaning to be lost.