Northern Territory, Australia

Alyssa Higgins

Climate

Northern tarritory Australia has two distinct climate zones, a tropical zone, located near the top, and a semi-arid zone, located more towards the center of Australia.

The tropical top zone has two distinct seasons a wet season and a dry season the wet season spans from November until April and has a average temperature range of 77 degrees F and 91 degrees F. Humidity levels can reach about 80%.

The dry season spans from may until October and usually has a temperature variation of 70 degrees F to about 90 degrees F. Humidity levels are usually around 60-65%

Semi-arid central Australia experiences four different tropical seasons with large variations in temperature between each season.

In the summer, which spans from December until February, the temperature is generally somewhere between 68 and 95 degrees F.

In winter, which spans from June until August, the average temperature range is 37 to 68 degrees F.

Spring and fall in Australia see warm days and cool evenings.

Landforms and important rivers.

  • Finke River
  • Eastern Highlands
  • Northern Plateau
  • Central Lowlands
  • Uluru (Ayers Rock)
  • Karlukarlu (Devil's Marbles)
  • Victoria River
  • Kathrine-Daly River

Plants and animals

Natural resources

  • Coal
  • Wool
  • Tropical fruit

History

Northern Territory Australia has evidence of settlements dating back 50,000 years and has the oldest living culture in the world.The indigenous people of the Northern Territory were artists and hunters who had established thriving trade routes with the people of Indonesia. the British formed several settlements in the Northern Territory and were able to set up telegraph lines by 1872. Rail service was added in 1889. Mining and cattle ranching became the mainstays of the economy, and over 513,000 head of cattle were being raised in 1911.

Ethnic groups and languages

There are over 200 migrant nationalities, among whom are predominantly English, Irish, New Zealander, Italian, Croatian, Serbian, Vietnamese, Greek, Chinese, and Indian.


  • Caucasian 92%; Asian 7%; Aboriginal and others 1%

Most Indigenous people speak English as a second language. The NT currently has no Territory-wide Indigenous Languages policy.


Relgion and education

  • Roman Catholic 21.6%
  • Anglican 11.4%
  • Uniting church. 6.9%
The Northern Territory Department of Education provides and promotes quality education for all Territorians, whether they are young children or adults, so that they can experience the best possible life and job opportunities.

Land use

These two land uses account for nearly 90 percent of the Territory's area. 53 percent of the Northern Territory is used for agriculture although less than half a percent of this is for activities other than grazing of native pasture. 36 percent of the Northern Territory is for traditional indigenous uses.

Current issues and challenges

  • Crime rates
  • Health care

Traditions and customs