Dyslexia Awareness

Educators and Parents

What is dyslexia?

The current definition from the International Dyslexia Association states:

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
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Common Signs of Dyslexia

Kindergarten-Third Grade

Ø Failure to understand that words are made up of parts or individual sounds

Ø Difficulty learning the letter names and their corresponding sounds

Ø Difficulty reading single words in isolation

Ø Choppy and labored reading

Ø Difficulty spelling phonetically

Fourth grade-High School

Ø History of reading and spelling difficulties

Ø Avoids reading aloud

Ø Reads most materials slowly, oral reading is labored, not fluent

Ø Avoids reading for pleasure

Difficulty with spelling
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Parent Resources

Education Service Center, Region 20

Texas Education Agency

Dyslexia and Related Disorders