Subarctic

By: Yarely Paiz

Definition-of, relating to, characteristic of, or being regions immediately outside of the arctic circle or regions similar to these in climate or conditions of life

The subarctic is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers.

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Housing- The housing structures of subarctic Native people ranged from substantial plank houses to semi-subterranean dwellings, cone- or dome-shaped wigwams and temporary lean-to structures.

Clothing-Subarctic Indians made most of their clothing from moose and caribou skins. Women tanned the skins through a chemical process that used animal brains or human urine. Then they sewed the skins into garments with the help of bone needles and animal sinew.

Food-subarctic people often hunted moose, caribou, hare, musk oxen, bear and elk, as well as waterfowl and fish. The edible wild plants they collected included berries, tripe, dandelions, moss and marigold.

Wapusk Leadership Camp: Exploring the Subarctic Summer