Standard 12 American History
By: Makayla Flannagan
First abolitionist societies
Isabella Baumfree was an African American abolitionist and women's right activist. She was born a slave in Swartekill, New York but she escaped with her infant daughters to freedom. Isabella changed her name to Sojourner Truth devoting her life to Methodism. Truth was one of the foremost leaders of the abolition movement. http://www.biography.com/
Sarah and Angelina Grimke were the only white people of either gender that was born upper class in the South. They began to make public speeches to the audiences consisting both genders. Sarah moved to Philadelphia and became a Quaker and Angelina did the same a few years later and joined the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society. https://www.nwhm.org
Henry David Thoreau was born on July 12, 1817. He is one of Americans most famous writers, he is remembered for his philosophical and naturalist writing. After college through Ralph Emerson he became exposed to Transcendentalism. Thoreau came to know many of the movement's leading figures. http://www.biography.com/people/henry-david-thoreau-9506784#walden-pond
Charles Sumner was know for is deep commitment to the civil rights and he emerged as an antislavery leader in the late 1840's. He became active in political protests against Texas's annexation and the Mexican War. In 1851 he was elected to the U.S. senate as a free soiler. He in endorsed the Republican Party in 1855. As a chairman of the Senate foreign Relations Committee he sought to to control the U.S foreign policy.