The Rwandan Genocide
By: Connor Kwiat, Joe Stover, Drew Ronski
Causes and consequences
The Rwandan Genocide was sparked by the death of the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, when his plane was shot down above Kigali airport on April 6th, 1994. Everyone on board was killed. The government forces and Presidential Guard were fighting fugitives who fled Rwanda, while the citizens of Rwanda were trying to flee. The death toll for this genocide ranged from about 500,000 people to a 1,000,000. About 70% of the Rwandan population was killed after the RPF ended the civil war that was against government forces. As for the tribes, 500,000 Tutsi people were killed and villages across Rwanda were totally demolished. Another effect was that a new president was elected and the dictatorship that lasted for hundreds of years in Rwanda finally ended. The country was on the brink of an economic collapse after the genocide ended. All the farms and crops that roamed the country were either burned or destroyed. There were no workers to start a reconstruction of their country, since the population decreased over 70%. Rwanda is still dealing with rebels and other countries that are mad at them.
How the United States responded to the incident.
President Bill Clinton’s administration knew Rwanda was being engulfed by Genocide in april 1994, but buried the information on the matter. This is according to the classified documents made available for the first time. Senior officials privately used the word Genocide within 16 days of the start of the killings, but chose not to do so publicly because the president had already decided to not intervene.
Jacqueline Murekatete survivor of the genocide living in the United States
Jacqueline Murekatete was only nine years old then. She survived because she was in another village visiting her grandmother. From there, she sought refuge in an Italian missionary. Her journey ended in the United States, where an uncle adopted her. Over the years, she has shared her story to educate people about crimes of genocide and mass atrocities. In her opinion, genocide is the greatest crime that a human being could commit against another. It just says that she lives in America now and nothing in specific.