Darfur Conflict

Hope Beall

Where is Darfur?

Darfur, about the size of Texas, is located on the western side of Sudan. The region is where a genocide has taken place since 2003, which has forced more than 2.7 million people from their homes. The war has began to cross over to Chad, where approximately 300,000 Darfur refugees have found shelter. (Mary Olsen)

What Is The Conflict?

"Throughout Darfur... villages have been bombed and their inhabitants killed, raped and forced into government-run concentration camps... agencies have been denied access to most of the displaced. Some people, though near starvation, are refusing aid for fear of retribution [punishment]." (New York Times Op-Ed page)
Unlike the people in the north of Sudan, the northern Darfur people began protesting. The Justice And Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) fought, rebelled, and protested for the rights of non-Arabs. Both rebel groups felt like the government was ignoring their needs.

What Are The Effects Of The Rebellion?

To counteract the rebellions that are taking place, the government arranged armed Arab militias. Although the groups are not affiliated with the official government, their jobs were to "get rid of" the rebels. The armed militia groups are known as the Janjaweed. When the civil war broke out, thousands of people will killed, some fleeing for neighboring Chad. "The genocide that started in Darfur in 2003 is now threatening to topple the governments of Chad and the Central African Republic" (Nicholas D. Kristof)

How Did The Genocide End?

Well, unfortunately, the genocide has not ended yet. The Darfur government will not allow peacekeepers inside to help the conflict.

Works Cited

January, Brendan. Genocide. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century books, 2007. Print. Kiernan, Ben. Bllod And Soil. Durham: Kingsley Trust Association Publication Fund, 2007. Print. Mary Olson, . N.p.. Web. 11 Mar 2014. http://worldwithoutgenocide.org/genocides-and-conflicts/darfur-genocide.