Korematsu v. United States

-Jordan Houston-Taylor and Keenan Spearman (JHT+KS=BFF5EVA)

Background

During World War 2, the military began moving Japanese people into special cases after Executive Order 9066 was issued. The internment method was enforced under the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt as a response to the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941. Fearing that some American citizens from Japanese descent were working for the Japanese government. After seeing this, Fred Korematsu tried to serve in the U.S. military and was turned down for his Japanese heritage. He soon took on a disguise, moved to another town but was later found and arrested for refusing to be confined in an internment camp. The case later reached the Supreme Court in 1944.

Supreme Court Case Ruling

6-3 Decision for the United States

The Court sided with the government and held that the need to protect espionage outweighed the right's of Korematsu. One Justice (Justice Black) argued that compulsory exclusion, though constitutionally suspect, is justified during circumstances of "emergency and peril"

Amendment

The amendment the court case falls under would be the 14th, which states that everyone born in the United States is a citizen.


Section I of Amendment of XIV-

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

How did Impact the US?

This led to the detention of Japanese Americans during World War II not unconstitutional, and that the restrictions imposed upon Japanese American were deemed by the Court to be necessary for public security during the time of war.

Our Opinion...

Our opinion of the court case is that it's unfair for the innocent Japanese-Americans who wanted to represent America, especially in the Army. The ones who had no beef with America were wrongly arrested and sent to a camp set up by the nation they loved.