Colombia

By: Shatina Clemons and Aimee Patterson

History

The Carib, Arawak, Tairona, and Musica made art, stone, and gold work. In the 1500s, the Spanish started coming to Colombia and settling. The area they were settling in was called New Granada, which consists of Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama. In the late 1700s resentment against the Spanish rule grew. This lasted until 1810 when nationalists claimed independence.

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Sites to Vist

  • Tayrona National Natural Park- See animals and wildlife.
  • Gold Museum in Bogota
  • Parque Del Cafe- Get coffee and ride roller coasters
  • Cali Zoo- See animals and have a fun time!
  • Salt Cathedral of Zipaquira- Visit a Salt Cathedral!
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Culture

To Colombians, music and dance are the center of culture. Rhythms such as salsa and merengue are popular. Many people celebrate Easter, New Year's, and Christmas. They also have their own festivals. The Feria de Cali festivals are famous for bullfighting. Soccer or fútbol is the most popular sport in Colombia and most people like to play after work or during lunchtime. Volleyball is a popular sport among women. Colombians also enjoy swimming track-and-field. As well as basketball, baseball, and cycle racing. For a vacation, people like to camp and visit relatives in another town. Colombians enjoy playing relaxing games such as chess, dominoes, billiards, and marbles.
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Government

Colombia has 32 states and one capital district. Same as the United States, a president is elected and serves four year terms. The president also is head of state and head of government. Congress has 102 members Senate and 166 member Chamber of Representatives. Like the United States, citizens may vote at the age of 18.
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Fun Facts

  • It is impolite to eat without first offering the food to others.
  • Colombia's official language is Spanish.
  • The father in a typical Colombian family is the head of the household, while the mother is the center of the family.
  • Colombia's coast is hot and humid.
  • The yellow stripe on Colombia's flag means wealth and resources, blue means the two oceans and many rivers that flow through Colombia, and red honors the people that lost their lives fighting against Spain for Colombia's independence.
  • Colombia's mines are the largest mines that have emeralds in the world.
  • The capital of Colombia is Bogota.

Text Citations

Culture Grams:
"Republic of Colombia." N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Culture Grams World Edition. Web. 17 Apr. 2015. <http://online.culturegrams.com/world/world_country.php?contid=7&wmn=South_America&cid=35&cn=Colombia>.

People, Places, and Change:
Helgren, David M., Robert J. Sager, and Alison S. Brooks. People, Places, and Change: An Introdution to World Studies. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2005. Print.

Photo Citations

Colombian Flag:
HD 1080p Clip of a Slow Motion Waving Flag of Colombia. Seamless, 12 Seconds Long Loop. N.d. Shutterstock. Web. 16 Apr. 2015. <http://www.shutterstock.com/video/clip-424933-stock-footage-hd-p-clip-of-a-slow-motion-waving-flag-of-colombia-seamless-seconds-long-loop.html>.

Cartagena:

Cartagena. N.d. Discovering Ice. Web. 16 Apr. 2015. <http://discoveringice.com/2885/travels/top-10-places-to-visit-in-colombia.html>.


Colombian People Dancing:
Colombian Cultural Traditions. N.d. Embassy of Colombia. Web. 16 Apr. 2015. <http://www.colombiaemb.org/node/1331>.


Salt Cathedral:

Salt Cathedral,Zipaquira, Colombia. N.d. A Marshall Art. Web. 17 Apr. 2015. <http://www.amarshallart.com/photography/landscape-photography/saltcathedral-zipaquiracolombia>.


Beach:

Arianwen. N.d. Beyond Blighty. Web. 16 Apr. 2015. <http://beyondblighty.com/every-picture-tells-a-story/colombia/>.