By Aespen Alicea

What is Alchohol? (Description)

  • Produced by fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches.
  • Central Nervous System depressant.
  • Rapidly absorbed from stomach and small intestine into bloodstream.

Neurotransmitters affected:

  • excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate
  • inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA
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How are they affected?:

Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter that normally increases the activity of signal receiving neurons and plays a big part in controlling brain function.

Alcohol suppresses this neurotransmitter.


GRIFFITHS, R. Cysteine sulphinate (CSA) as an excitatory amino acid

transmitter candidate in the mammalian central nervous system. Progress in Neurobiology 35:313–323, 1990.