Alcohol

By Aespen Alicea

What is Alchohol? (Description)

  • Produced by fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches.
  • Central Nervous System depressant.
  • Rapidly absorbed from stomach and small intestine into bloodstream.

Neurotransmitters affected:

  • excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate
  • inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA
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How are they affected?:

Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter that normally increases the activity of signal receiving neurons and plays a big part in controlling brain function.


Alcohol suppresses this neurotransmitter.

Source:

GRIFFITHS, R. Cysteine sulphinate (CSA) as an excitatory amino acid

transmitter candidate in the mammalian central nervous system. Progress in Neurobiology 35:313–323, 1990.