Period 5 (1848-1877)

Jacob Whitt January 4, 2016

Union in Peril (1848-1861)

Popular Sovereignty

  • Legitimacy of state based on the will and consent of the people
  • Lewis Cass gained support from moderates who agreed that slavery should be handled by a vote of people rather than Congress

The Compromise of 1850

  • Admitted California into the Union as a free state
  • Utah and New Mexico to be decided based on popular sovereignty
  • Settled land dispute between Texas and New Mexico
  • Adoption of a new Fugitive Slave Law

Kansas-Nebraska Act/"Bleeding Kansas"

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise and caused rising conflicts over slavery
  • Allowed slavery to be decided in the Nebraska Territory by popular sovereignty
  • "Bleeding Kansas" referred to the massive violence between pro-slavery supporters and abolitionists following the Kansas-Nebraska Act
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Dred Scott v. Sandford

  • Scot had been a slave in Missouri and then taken to free Wisconsin and lived there for two years
  • Scot argued that his residence on free soil granted him citizenship
  • Supreme Court decided against Scot
  • Decision delighted Southern Democrats and served as a basis for future trials of similar nature

Secession of the Deep South

  • Lincoln's election in 1860 caused Southern secessionists to take drastic measures
  • South Carolina led by seceding from the Union on December of 1860
  • Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas followed South Carolina during a 6 week period
  • The Confederate States of America formed in February of 1861
Slavery - Crash Course US History #13

POL-2 (Reform Movements)

  • Reform Movements, with abolition in particular, further sparked conflicts between Northerners and Southerners and fueled sectionalism

NAT-3 (National Identity)

  • Secession and the formation of the Confederate States of America caused a lasting change of identity for the United States even after the readmission of confederate states
  • Even today, conflicts began in the Civil War period continue to shape American identity