Creating a Culture of Interventions

TASSP - June 11, 2015

Robin Wilson

Waco ISD District, AVID Coordinator

Baylor University PhD Student

Becky Odajima

Midway ISD, Assistant Principal

Baylor University EdD Student


The Basics of RTI

Tier I Instructional Strategies
  • Interventions in Every Classroom for All Student
  • Implementation
  • Data-based decisions
Tier II and III Intervention ideas

Administrators Role

RTI - The Basics

The four essential components of an RTI framework are;
  • screening,
  • progress monitoring,
  • multi-level or multi-tier prevention system,
  • and data-based decision making.

Schools use data to identify students at risk for poor learning outcomes, monitor student progress, provide evidence‐based interventions and adjust the intensity and nature of those interventions depending on a student’s responsiveness, and identify students with learning disabilities or other disabilities.

-Center on Response to Intervention

Tier I - 80% of students

Tier II - 15% of students

  1. Students who are 2 or more years behind

  2. 25% or lower of class

  3. Small group 5:1; not STAAR failures

Tier III - 5% of students

  1. Students who do not respond or improve with Tier II strategies

  2. Group size 3:1

Tier I Interventions: Every classroom - All students

Denlosky's Learning Strategies

Based on Strengthening the Student Toolbox, Study Strategies to Boost Learning by John Dunlosky

“Teaching students how to learn is as important as teaching them content.”

John Dunlosky

Most effective:

1. Practice testing – high utility

2. Distributed practice – high utility

3. Interleaved practice – medium utility

4. Elaborative interrogation – medium utility

5. Self-explanation – medium utility

Not as effective:

6. Rereading

7. Highlighting and underlining

8. Summarization

9. Keyword mnemonic

10. Imagery use for text learning

Tier I Interventions: Every classroom - -All students

Marzano’s (Nine) High-Yield Instructional Strategies

Based on the book: Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement, by Robert Marzano (2001)

1. Identifying Similarities and Differences

  • a. Venn diagrams
  • b. Compare, contrasts, analogies

2. Summarizing and Note Taking

  • a. Rules for creating a summary
  • b. Cornell Notes or specific format

3. Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition

4. Homework and Practice

  • a. Consistent schedule – notify parents
  • b. Scaffold previously learned concepts

5. Nonlinguistic Representations

  • a. Use words and images to represent relationships
  • b. Use physical models and physical movement

6. Cooperative Learning

7. Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback

8. Generating and Testing Hypotheses

9. Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers

Tier I Interventions: Every classroom - All students

Ormrod Memory - Strategies for Mastery

Based on Ormrod, J. E. (2015). Human Learning, 7th edition. Pearson

Strategies for building memory capacity

Ways to help your student pay attention

Factors facilitating concept learning

“The highest predictor of academic achievement – proficiency of teachers in

instructional strategies”

Donna Walker Tileston, Why Culture Counts

Addtional Resources for Tier 1 Instructional Strategies

  • Marzano & Pickering – Academic Vocabulary
  • Eric Jensen: Brain - based strategies
  • Differentiate: content, process, product, and environment – Carol Ann Tomlinson
  • 5E Model
  • ELPS
  • Revised Bloom's Questioning Levels
  • 6+1 Traits of Writing
  • Formative Assessment Strategies
  • Gardner - Multiple Intelligences
  • Cooperative Learning Strategies

Professional Development for Tier 1 Instructional Strategies

Professional Learning Communities (PLC)

Technology Tuesday

Tech & Teaching Tuesdays

PLCs each day

Summer PD

August PD

RtI - Tier II and III

Tier II

  1. Need a Universal Screener and Progress Monitor

  2. 90 minutes per week of supplemental interventions

  3. 12-18 weeks of intervention, then re-evaluate

  4. Intervention tailored for the individual child

  5. Consistent across the district

Tier III

  1. 120 minutes per week

  2. 12-18 weeks of intervention

Administrator’s Role in RTI

  • Universal Screener

  • Instructional Strategies or Interventions used for all Tiers

  • Campus Wide - Common Assessments (ongoing)

  • Progress Monitoring Plan

  • Plan for Tier II and Tier III Interventions

  • Behavioral Interventions