Social Inequality - Australia Today

By Benny Son, Brady Pardue, Caroline Coussirat

What is the origin of your locale's inequality?

  • Australians had the idea of a "fair go" to give everyone, not just the privileged, an opportunity.
  • Neoliberal policy models of a minimalist state displaced the social goals set by the Australian people.
  • The focus shifted to individualized competitive opportunities and shifted from social change to economic growth.
  • More controls and cuts were imposed, inequality increased.

How does that inequality take shape today?

  • There are many ways inequality is shaping Australia today. Such as, income and wealth, hospitals, and even schools.
  • The social class you have determines what kind of education you have.

- Upper class (10% of population)

- Middle class (60%)

- Lower class (30%)

Government's role

  • Not enough money.
  • more money went to families, elderly people and security.
  • Goal changed to benefit the government and well off more than the needy people.

Political Response

  • Punish those who did not fit the new, leaner, economic model.
  • No valuing of alternative social contributions such as parenting, Indigenous traditional roles, volunteers who care for others.
  • Turned back and punished boat arrivals who seek asylum.

Role of Culture

  • They believe that everyone is equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.
  • Gini coefficient measures the inequality among values of frequency distribution.
  • Example) A person's income. If the Gini coefficient is zero, that means everyone is receiving the same amount of income. If it was 100%, that would mean one family is receiving all the money and no one else gets any.