Ancient Egyptian Nile River Valley


In Ancient Egypt there are many different geographic features and geography differences. Examples could be the Giza pyramids, as well as the Nile river. Speaking about that the Giza pyramids were built near the 4,000 mile long river for living sources and food. The river was necessary for living resources because they were able to grow crops because of the fertile soil and they also had fresh water to drink. So they had a place to live and sleep, as well as food and water. Just what they needed to survive.


In ancient Egypt, the pharaohs ruled the people and were also their god. The people loved and worshiped them. They believed that the pharaoh was the connection between the world they live in and the spiritual world. The pharaohs received and commanded that of their people whatever they desired. They controlled a powerful central government. The pharaohs of ancient Egypt decided the state structure, things associated with war, treaties, and they made all of the laws. These laws were normally simple, if you were to break a law you and your family would normally suffer based off the "eye for and eye" saying.


In ancient Egypt, the people believed in many gods such as Anubis, Osiris, and Horus. Their religion was both polytheistic and ethical. Although the ancient Egyptians believed that their pharaoh was a god and a king, they worshiped these gods and others. The ancient Egyptians also believed in the afterlife, and that when you died you would need all of your earthly possessions there with you. So, when someone died in ancient Egypt, they were buried in tombs with all of their belongings. It was believed that once you died, you would be judged based upon how you lived your life on earth. If your behavior and actions were poor, your soul would be eaten by a crocodile headed dog called "The Eater Of The Dead". But if you lived a good life, you would spend eternity in paradise.


In ancient Egypt, the social classes vary from pharaoh, priest, traders, farmers, and the bottom consists of unskilled workers and slaves. Ancient Egyptians had to adapt to flood seasons, which were through June to September. The floods kept the soil fertile and provided fresh water for the citizens. Most ancient Egyptians lived in homes that contained the bare necessities to live. Wealthy ancient Egyptians owned tombs where they were buried.


The ancient Egyptian's intellect and arts consisted of art, music, writing, literature, philosophy, math, science, and education. The art included drawings of everyday life, tomb paintings, vase making, sculptures, and the pyramids. The ancient Egyptian's music was a part of religious worship and there were gods specifically associated with the music. The writing style was hieroglyphics and it made up their literature. It is considered the earliest form of literature. Their philosophy was closely related to their religious beliefs with the pharaohs. Their math consisted of architectural math associated with the building of the pyramids. Math was also used within their currency. Their use of science was mostly used in the mummification process, with lots of anatomy and environmental sciences. Lastly, the education system included "classes" similar to our own education system. The students were usually taught how to be scribes. In the Hierarchal structure, teachers were only slightly above the peasants.


The Ancient Egyptians had an economic system that is quite different than what we have these days. Ancient Egyptian Civilization grew up along a huge river, The Nile. The further you get away from The Nile, the drier the land gets, this is where they can settle down for shelter, and other types of structures. Wheat and Barley were the two biggest crops in Egypt, these were used mainly to make bread and beer. Vegetables were often raised in small household gardens.

Ancient Egyptian society used forms of money before using coinage in the first millennium B.C. The Egyptians used non-coin forms of silver and gold currency. The earliest forms of money in Egypt were not based on metals, but rather based on a barter exchange of everyday goods. Ancient Egyptian governments centralized harvests in state warehouses. Grain harvesters would deposit their grain into the central warehouses for security and convenience. The depositors could then withdraw a particular lot of grain when they wanted to make a purchase. Sometimes the deposits into these Egyptian grain banks were voluntary and other times it was required by the King. Written orders for grain withdrawal could be used to pay tax collectors, priests, and merchants.