The Western Expansion
- When settlers moved from their home place they didn't know where they were going. They wanted California, but ended up in Texas.
- Although the battle of the Alamo itself lasted only 90 minutes, it was the peak of a 13-day siege by General Antonio López de Santa Anna's troops against the outnumbered inhabitants of the fort. It is the site where some of America's most revered legends, including Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie, died.
The Battle of San Jacinto lasted less than twenty minutes, but it sealed the fate of three republics. They forces Santa Anne to sign the treaty that recognizes texas as independence. Mexico would never regain the lost territory, in spite of sporadic incursions during the 1840's. The United States would go on to acquire not only the Republic of Texas in 1845 but Mexican lands to the west after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican War in 1848.
Mexican American War
- Texas gained its independence from Mexico in 1836. Initially, the United States declined to incorporate it into the union, largely because northern political interests were against the addition of a new slave state.
- John C. Fremont raised the American flag over California at an improvised fort near Monterrey, but he soon abandons his impetuous efforts and turns toward Oregon. On the way, he received word of the impending Mexican War and returns to California to play a part in its conquest. Fremont joins forces with a group of Americans who capture Mariano Vallejo, the amicable commandant of the Sonora region, and proclaim California an independent republic. But their "Bear Flag Revolt," named for its distinctive banner, comes to an end in July, when American naval forces arrive in Monterrey and take control of the port without firing a shot.
- The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is the peace treaty, largely dictated by the United States to the interim government of a militarily occupied Mexico, that ended the Mexican-American War (1846–1848).
- The Gadsden Purchase was when the US bought what is now the southernmost part of Arizona and New Mexico from Mexico.
The Manifest Destiny Painting
1827 UK and US jointly occupy Oregon
In 1827 UK and US jointly occupied Oregon
1836 Texas Independence established
In 1836 Texas's Independence was established from Mexico
1845 Texas annexed
In 1845 Texas was annexed by the Unites States
1846 US declares war on Mexico
In 1846 US declared war in Mexico
1848 Mexican cession
In 1848 Mexico gave a chunk of land to the Unites States
1848 Gold discovered in CA.
In 1848 gold had been discovered and blew up. Everyone went to Cali to "get rich quick".
1849 Gold Rush starts
1849 Gold rush started up and everyone went mining
1853 Gadsden purchase
The Gadsden Purchase is a 29,640-square-mile region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that was purchased by the United States in a treaty signed on December 30, 1853
Gold Rush Performance Writing
Trails West Map
Their were a lot of trails taken west.
Some of the more important trails are listed below:
- The Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1803-1806 was the most important in the history of American exploration. They followed the Missouri River from St. Louis through Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, South and North Dakota, and Montana. They walked the Indian trails over the great Divide to the Clear water River in Idaho. Then they went down the Clearwater and Columbia Rivers in canoes to the Pacific Ocean.
- 1,170-mile route commemorates heroic but unsuccessful attempts by Nez Perce Indians to escape capture by US Army in 1877. They made their way East, following some of same route as Lewis and Clark expedition. Trail extends from Wallowa Lake, Oregon over Lolo Trail to Salmon, Yellowstone, to Bears Paw Battlefield near Chinook, Montana.
- The Oregon Trail was the overland emigrant trail for the Missouri River to the Columbia River country, Oregon Territory. Nathaniel Wyeth and William Sublette pioneered it in 1832. Like all western trails it tended to follow rivers where possible. It followed the Missouri River from St. Louis to the Kansas River near Independence, Missouri, then that river to the Little Blue River where it joined the Platte River.