The History Of Computing

By Archie Senior

Alan Turing and the First Computers

In 1936, a man called Alan Turing dreamt up a thinking machine. He called this an 'imaginary machine.' It read symbols and processed them in tables.

During the war, Alan Turing worked on code breaking machines, and was part of the team building the 'Colossus' computer at Bletchley Park.

After the war, Turing worked on AI (Artificial Intelligence) and helped build more computers.

He believed that one day machines would take over the world.

Sir Tim Berners-Lee and the World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee invented the WWW (World Wide Web) in the 1980's. He worked at CERN (The European Organisation for Nuclear Research) in Geneva, Switzerland.

Tim Berners-Lee wanted to link all information (hypertext (HTTP)).

Hypertext was already used in CDs and databases.

So he invented the internet which linked hypertext documents across linked computers.

Computers

Computers are devices that can be programmed to do logical thinking operations. Computers can solve more than one type of operation at once. Modern computers are millions of times more able than the first computers, when Alan Turing worked on computers.