The Guam Micronesian Kingfisher

an endangered animal of Guam

Description

  • Both male and female birds have a blue/greenish back and wings
  • They are about 9 inches (22 centimeters) tall
  • Males have a cinnamon colored head and chest
  • Females have a paler head and a white chest
  • They have a loud, raspy, distinct call that can be heard from afar

(FWS)

  • Weights about 60 grams.
  • They have a large head, a short neck and tail, weak feet, and a straight, strong bill that is flattened on the top and bottom.

(CZS)

Adaptation

  • Catches prey by perching motionless then swooping down to the ground to catch the prey with its beak once it has spotted it
  • They are very aggressive and territorial

(FWS)

  • Nested and slept in tree cavities

(LPZOO)

  • They can display a threat posture by pointing their head upward, holding wings away from body, and pointing their tail straight down

(CZS)

Habitat

  • They are Forest dwelling birds
  • Flourished in Guam's limestone forests and coconut plantations

(CZS)

Food Chain

  • Eats insects, small reptiles, like lizards and fish
  • Is eaten by the Brown Tree Snake

(FWS)

Endangerment

  • Endangered because of the introduction of the Brown Tree Snake into their habitat
  • The Brown Tree Snake has been raiding the Guam Micronesian Kingfishers' nests which lead to a decrease in population
  • It is now extinct in the wild and can only be found in captivity

(FWS)

Conservation


  • Being held in captivity in many zoos and in Guam
  • Hasn't been reestablished in the wild, but plans are underway

(FWS)


Guam Kingfishers - World of Birds - Bronx Zoo

Works Cited for Photos

Gaillard, Ed. Tree hollow, Central Park. 2008. Photograph. flickr, New York

City. Web. 18 Apr 2013.

<http://www.flickr.com/photos/ed_gaillard/6304312141/>.

Lannert, Kenny. Guam Micronesian Kingfisher (male). 2008. Photograph.

flickr, Chicago. Web. 18 Apr 2013.

<http://www.flickr.com/photos/stirwise/2468337023/>.

Wynn, Alan. Brown Tree Snake - Boiga irregularis. 2008. Photograph.

flickrWeb. 18 Apr 2013.

<http://www.flickr.com/photos/ed_gaillard/6304312141/>.