Dietary Guidlines

AnRea Rayner

dietary guidelines

  • dietary guidelines-Provide advice to help people live longer , healthier lives.
  • health risk-likelihood of developing health problems
  • diet-eating plan

nutrients within needed calories

  • age
  • gender
  • activity level
  • whether you are trying to gain,maintain, or lose weight
  • nutrient dense food-food that provides high amounts of vitamins and minerals for relatively few calories

maintain healthy weight

  • risk factor-condition that increases your chance of developing a problem
  • health problems-to much body fat- heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, some cancers, arthritis
  • underweight health risk-less body fat,
  • loosing weight tips- find balance between food/physical activity...energy balance

physically active everyday

  • ways active living helps-control your weight, strengthen lungs and heart, increase endurance/flexibility, reduce risk for future health problems
  • physical activity for teens- 60 minutes
  • guidelines for adding in schedule- get involved in sports etc, use stairs instead elevator

importance of whole grain, veggies, fruits, milk

  • 2 health benefits-help protect heart disease, cancer
  • 3 reasons their healthy-nutrient rich, cholesterol free, naturally low in fats/calories
  • 3 ways to include in diet-drink fruit/vegetable juice with meal, eat meals featuring dry beans or peas, eat fruit instead of surgery desserts

how to limit fat/cholesterol

  • 2 types of unhealthy fats-saturated fats and trans fats
  • disease develops from high fat-heart disease
  • guidelines achieve moderate fat intake-keep saturated fats to less than 10%, get fats from fish, nuts, and healthy oils,,,choose fewer solid fats , choose foods prepared with less fat

choosy about carbohydrates

  • natural sugars-lactose, glucose
  • added sugar-simple carbohydrates, candy, soft drinks
  • why should you limit intake-

reduce sodium and raise potassium

  • sodium benefits-helps control body fluids
  • disease linked to excess sodium-high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke
  • function of potassium-helps counteract sodium's effect on blood pressure

avoid alcohol

  • 3 reasons to avoid-can influence, or effect judgement, lead to accidents and injuries, puts others at risk, emotional problems etc.

why is food safety so important

  • when not handled carefully could cause food born illness