Breaking Addiction

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Substance Abuse Disorder: Use of any type of substance despite the harmful consequences

Signs and symptoms:·

· Taking substance in large amounts and for more than you intended

· Can’t quit using the substance or cut down

· Spending too much time trying to obtain the substance, trying to use it, or recover from the after-effects

· Craving or needing to use the substance

· Use of the substance interfering in work, school, or at home

· Still using the substance even though it is causing social problems

· Diminished social, occupational, or recreational activities because of the substance

· Reckless use of the substance

· Use of the substance in the knowledge of the side effects

· Need for more because of a tolerance built by repeated use

· Withdrawal after prolonged use of a substance results in symptoms that are the opposite of those of intoxication (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014). Results in use to stop the symptoms of withdrawal.

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Some substance are:

Opioids: Pain Relievers Hydrocodone (Vicodin); Oxycodone (Oxycontin, Percocet); Codein; Morphine (Kadian Avinza)

Hallucinogen: LSD and PCP

Cannabis: Marijuana

Inhalants: Mind-altering glue, markers cleaning fluids,spray paints

(Perscription Drug Abuse, 2014); (Drug Facts: Inhalants, 2012)

Some Causes:

The disorder can begin with experimentation, prescription, or during socializing. Then a person is unable to quit using the substance and then it becomes a problem.

· Environmental

· Genetic predisposition

· Substance abuse can occur with other disorders


· Treatment of withdrawal symptoms,

· Medically assisted detoxification,

· Cognitive and behavior therapy,

· Group therapy

Common Myths and Misperceptions:

It's not easy to quit a substance once you are addicted to it as some might think.

A person needs help with support and guidance.

Questions to Ask the Doctor

· Are the counselors certified chemical dependency counselors (CDC)?

· Are the doctors certified and certified by the American Society of Addiction Medicine?

· What treatment therapies are used?

· What is the success rate?

· How much time is spent in the program?

· Are there crisis counseling/

· Are there drop-in counseling supports?

· Are there special services to meet the needs of each gender?

· Does the treatment address particular cultural or religious background?

(Questions About Substance Abuse Treatment Programs-Topic Overview, 2014)

A substance Abuse Counselor Must Possess One of the following Credentials:

· Certified Addiction Professional (C.A.P.). This certification requires a bachelor’s degree.

· Licensed Mental Health Counselor (L.M.H.C.). This license requires a master’s degree.

· Ph.D. or PsyD. This is the highest level graduate degree. A Ph.D. or PsyD can become licensed as a psychologist.

(What is a Substance Abuse Counselor?, 2014)

Sites for More Information:





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Addiction Treatment. (2014). Retrieved from Pinterest:

DrugFacts: Inhalants. (2012). Retrieved from

Free, confidentia 24-hour helpline, Call Now. (2014). Retrieved from Anchorage Drug Treatment:

Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2014). Abnormal Psychology Sixth Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Prescription Drug Abuse. (2014). Retrieved from

Questions About Substance Abuse Treatment Programs-Topic Overview. (2014). Retrieved from WebMD:

What is a Substance Abuse Counselor? (2014). Retrieved from Recovery Connection: