Death Marches of the Holocaust

By Alex Albrecht

What were the Death Marches?

Towards the end of the war as the Nazi's began to take major losses from every side.-the Red Army from the east and the Americans, British, and French from the west. Nazi leaders frantically tried to assemble prisoners of the concentration camps and move them into Germany. Some would be taken on ship or trains but most were forced to march on foot.

What happened on these marches?

Over a hundred thousand prisoners were forced to march from concentration camps from January 1945 up until the end of the war in April 1945. Thousands would die in the brutal winter conditions with barely any food or sleep.


  • Those who couldn't keep up were killed
  • The Nazi's often killed prisoners before, during , and after the marches.
  • In some cases up to 1/4 of prisoners would die on the way to their destination and in some case only a dozen or so survived in total.

Map of Marches

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Marches from Auschwitz

As the Red Army approached only days away. The SS took the 60,000 prisoners in Auschwitz and marched them either 35 miles to the town of Wodzislaw or to the town of Gliwice. The Nazis starved and killed thousands before marching them. After reaching Gliwice or Wodzislaw the prisoners were packed onto trains to Germany.


  • Over 15,000 would die on the marches in total
  • At least 3,000 people would die on the Gliwice march alone.

Timeline of Marches

  • January 18, 1945- DEATH MARCHES FROM THE AUSCHWITZ CAMP SYSTEM BEGIN
  • January 25, 1945- THE EVACUATION AND DEATH MARCH FROM STUTTHOff CONCENTRATION CAMP
  • April 7th, 1945- DEATH MARCH FROM BUCHENWALD CONCENTRATION CAMP
  • April 26th, 1945- DEATH MARCH FROM DACHAU CONCENTRATION CAMP

Works Cited

  • "Death Marches." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 29 Jan. 2016. Web. 21 May 2016.
  • "Encyclopedia Judaica:Death Marches." Death Marches. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2016.
  • The Death Marches from Auschwitz-Birkenau! Http://www.HolocaustResearchProject.org." The Death Marches from Auschwitz-Birkenau! Http://www.HolocaustResearchProject.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2016.