Typhus

Ryan M.

What is Typhus?

Typhus is a group of related diseases caused by bacteria Rickettsia. There are two major types of Typhus: endemic and epidemic. This disease has killed a great many people. It has become less common throughout the years especially since the 1940's when a vaccine was discovered, however the CDC doesn't recommend using this today. Typhus has a long and deadly history. Another reason for the decline in cases involving Typhus were improved sanitation and living conditions. Although the CDC doesn't recommend the typhus vaccine, their are other treatment methods for this disease.

How you get typhus and what are its symptoms

Typhus is contracted to humans through lice and fleas, that carry the bacteria. People who visit areas where rats and rodents have a high population are more likely to contract this bacteria. Once humans are bitten and they scratch the bite this allows the bacteria to enter the bloodstream, once in the bloodstream the bacteria continues growing and replicating. Different arthropods carry specific Rickettsia bacteria and have a multitude of different types of typhus symptoms which deviate slightly for the different types of typhus. The most common symptoms are universal and affect most if not all typhus patients. The symptoms include but are no limited to abdominal pain, back aches , dull red rash that spreads to the rest of body, high fevers which may last up to weeks, hacking dry cough and headaches.

typhus treatment

believe it or not antibiotic therapy is encouraged for both endemic and epidemic typhus infections because early treatment with antibiotics can cure most people infected with the bacteria. Consultation with a disease expert is advised, especially with epidemic typhus. Some patients, especially the elderly, may die.Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment yield an excellent prognosis for almost all patients with any of the types of typhus. Delayed or untreated typhus has a less promising prognosis, but the prognosis is related to the type. For example, untreated endemic typhus has death rate under 2% of patients, but untreated epidemic typhus has a death rate that ranges from about 10%-60% of infected patients over the age of 60 having the highest death rates.

Conclusion

Although the vaccine for typhus isn't available any more antibiotic treatment can still cure people with this disease if found early.Humans get typhus through lice and fleas.typhus was one of history's greatest epidemic disease

Work Cited

N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015."Typhus." Health line. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2015.