Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

By Andrew Lagos:

What is it?

OCD is an anxiety disorder where people have repetitive behaviors or actions to help relieve stress that obsessive intrusive thoughts cause

How does OCD affect the body systems ?

OCD affects the brain. People who have OCD have a lower amount of serotonin in their brain.

Target Population

OCD affects both genders equally. OCD usually shows up in childhood or adolescence. Symptoms start to emerge at age 19.

Onset

The onset age for OCD is 19. The cause of OCD is unknown however scientist think that biological and environmental factors contribute to OCD. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder can run in families.

Diagnosis

OCD is often easy to diagnosis. If the individual has obsessive thoughts or actions that take up 1 hour of the individuals day. Obsessions or Compulsions can not be from anything else (like illegal substances or prescribed medication). The individual must try to suppress the obsessions. OCD normally centers around a theme such as, fear of dirt, excessive hand washing. Compulsions must be repetitive actions. These compulsions must be excessive.

Signs and Symptoms

People who have OCD have obsessive thoughts or actions. Unreasonable repetition of actions to combat obsessive thoughts. Most people who have OCD have had or do have a tic disorder.

Treatment

A group of anti-depressants called selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors are used in treating OCD. Cognitive Behavior Therapy most commonly exposure and responce therapy is used in treating OCD as well.

Prognosis

People with OCD can live perfectly happy lives however, severe OCD can have a negative impact on life and work if not treated. People who have severe OCD have increased chance of committing suicide.

Connections

I have been interested with OCD and when the occasion to research it arose I decided to do my project on it.
Obsessive compulsive disorder
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