Industrial Revolution

From Man to Machine : By DeAnna Bolton

Living During The Industrial Revolution

As the industrial revolution begins people are just starting to make machines instead of using their very own hands to make stuff. That made people have to move from the country to the city. The city was very packed all the time so many people did not have a job. That is why there were a bunch of poor people. So the government made a law called The New Poor Laws. Where the poor people had to get separated from family and had to go to a workhouse and work with a bunch of other people. they would barley get served food and diseases were spreading all around in the workhouse. When that was happening the world was still looking bad anyway. Because people were polluting the air by candles and oil lamps. The water was getting polluted by toilet water going in their drinking water. the world really did look bad until they started to event stuff.

Child Labor Laws

Forms of child labor, including indentured servitude and child slavery, have existed throughout American history. As industrialization moved workers from farms and home workshops into urban areas and factory work, children were often preferred, because factory owners viewed them as more manageable, cheaper, and less likely to strike. Growing opposition to child labor in the North caused many factories to move to the South. By 1900, states varied considerably in whether they had child labor standards and in their content and degree of enforcement. By then, American children worked in large numbers in mines, glass factories, textiles, agriculture, canneries, home industries, and as newsboys, messengers, bootblacks, and peddlers.In the early decades of the twentieth century, the numbers of child laborers in the U.S. peaked. Child labor began to decline as the labor and reform movements grew and labor standards in general began improving, increasing the political power of working people and other social reformers to demand legislation regulating child labor. In 1899 and the National Child Labor Committee in 1904, which shared goals of challenging child labor, including through anti-sweatshop campaigns and labeling programs. The National Child Labor Committee’s work to end child labor was combined with efforts to provide free, compulsory education for all children, and culminated in the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1938, which set federal standards for child labor.