Child Labor Laws

Carigan Byrd

The Basics

Child labor laws are set to protect children from being over worked or abused in the work place. Though labor laws differ between states and countries, they basically state that children can't work between certain hours and can only work a limited amount of hours per week.

Child Labor Laws in Georgia

Minors under the age of sixteen may only work :
  • 4 hours on a school day
  • 8 hours on a non school day
  • 40 hours during a non school week
  • After 6 am
  • Before 9 pm

The following Jobs are NOT allowed:

  • Manufacturing and storing of explosives.
  • Coal mining.
  • Power-driven woodworking machines.
  • Exposure to radioactive substances.
  • Mining, other than coal mining.
  • Meat and poultry packing or processing
  • Manufacturing brick, tile, and related products.
  • Balers, compactors, and paper-products machines.
  • Wrecking, demolition, and shipbreaking operations.
  • Roofing operations and all work on or about a roof.
  • Excavation operations.

Child Labor Laws in Florida

Minors under the age of sixteen may only work :

  • After 6:30 am
  • Before 11 pm.
  • no more than 8 hours per day
  • no more than 30 hours per week
  • Unlimited hours during summer break
  • Unlimited hours on weekends

The following Jobs are NOT allowed:

  • Operating motor vehicles on public highways.
  • Working with electrical apparatus or wiring
  • Operating circular saws, band saws and guillotine shears.
  • Operating certain power-driven bakery machines,
  • metal forming and punching machines, and hoisting apparatus.
  • Working in demolition, wrecking or excavation.
  • Working on roofs, scaffolding or ladders above six feet.
  • Operating power driven meat processing equipment,
  • including meat-slicing machines, grinders and choppers
  • Working in mining operations.
  • Working in logging or sawmilling operations.
  • Operating or assisting to operate tractors over 20 PTO
  • horsepower, forklifts, earthmoving equipment, any
  • harvesting, planting, or plowing machinery, or any moving machinery.
  • Working in or around toxic substances or corrosives including pesticides or herbicides.

Child Labor Laws in Other Countries

Child Labor Laws in China

China has virtually no child labor laws. The law states that minors under the age of 16 may not work. However, the Government passed another law to overwrite that stating that in special conditions children of any age may work. Child labor ages range from 5-17. There are no jobs prohibited from children and many times are children are found working in dangerous places, including places with large machinery. There are no hour restrictions on children either, they may work any hours their employer sees fit.

Child Labor Laws in France

  • minors under eighteen cannot work more than seven hours a day and thirty-five hours a week
  • those over the age of sixteen may not work between the hours of 10:00 pm and 6:00 am
  • minors under sixteen may not work between 8:00 pm and 6:00 am.
  • The minimum recruitment age is seventeen, or sixteen for entrants to military schools.
  • In addition, minors do not participate in military operations taking place abroad