By Lauren Tipping

The ANC, or African National Congress, is a group that was originally formed in 1912 to fight back against the apartheid government and their laws. For multiple decades, they ran peaceful protests and organized mass resistance. After about 50 years of peaceful resistance that proved pointless, the ANC along with the SAPC started an armed struggle against apartheid laws in 1961. One of their biggest issues was that their organization was illegal according to the South African government from 1960 to 1990. Despite this and a few other blows from the South African government like the Treason Trial, the ANC did eventually win the battle against Apartheid in 1994 when Nelson Mandela was elected President. The ANC is still around today and still fighting for a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society.
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The ANC was one of the first groups that was formed to try and fight back against apartheid. They were one of the main groups throughout the whole struggle for freedom that continually fought, no matter how many times they were knocked down by the South African government. The ANC was also supporters of first, the non-violent movement for peace, and then later, supporters for armed resistance. Despite the non-violent movement working in a timely manner, the leaders and members did not give up and kept on fighting. Later, they switched to armed resistance which proved more successful for them. The ANC's continuous fight helped the anti-apartheid fight immensely and ultimately led to Nelson Mandela becoming president and ending apartheid.
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Presidential Address by SM Makgatho, South African Native National Congress

6 May 1919

Chiefs, Ladies and Gentlemen,

I am glad to welcome you to this first Annual Conference of our Congress ever held in the dear old Cape Colony. As Mr. Pelem will remember, this is not the very first occasion on which our Congress was held on Cape soil, for, in 1914, I met him at the Kimberley Congress in Griqualand West; but this is really the first time that the South African Native National Congress ever assembled in what is known as the Colony proper; and we are looking forward to that far-famed hospitality for which the Komani River is noted.

Chiefs, ladies and gentlemen, many changes have taken place since we last met at Bethlehem. The Native Lands Act still operates as mercilessly in different parts of the Union, and as a result many native families are still working for white farmers only for their food. It will be remembered that, after the representations of this Congress and the pleadings of our Missionary and other friends, the Government has consented to postpone for a year enacting the Native Affairs Administration Bill, which was nothing but the confirmation and perpetuation of the harsh provisions of the Native Lands Act and all its sorrows.

Works Cited

"African National Congress (ANC) | Political Party, South Africa." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2015.

"African National Congress (ANC)." Anonymous. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2015.

ANC Rally. Digital image. Voice-online. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

"Articles." Women and the African National Congress: 1912-1943. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

Berry, Bruce. ANC Flag. Digital image. Crwflags. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

Makgatho, Sefako. "Presidential Address by SM Makgatho, South African Native National Congress." Presidential Address. Cape Colony. 6 May 1919. African National Congress: Speeches. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.

"What Is the African National Congress?" What Is the African National Congress? N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.