ELA terms to know

Adrianna Ramirez

Connotation & Denotation

Dictionary Definition

~connotation

"An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.'

~denotation

"The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests."


Differences:

a connotation is the feeling that you get when you read a word


How to Memorize

  • (d)enotation (d)ictionary (d)efinition

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Point of View

1st person: when the person who is in the story or is a character in the story is narrating what is going on.

2nd person: refers to how we might directly address a person

3rd person limited:when the narrator knows the feelings, emotions, or thoughts of one specific character.

3rd person omniscient:when the narrator knows the feelings, emotions, or thoughts of all of the characters.


How to Memorize:

  • 1st person ( 1st=main) so main character is describing the story.
  • 2nd (2nd= secondary character ) ex:

Grandma,Before you go to London, remember to leave your keys under the doormat. I’ll miss you. Sincerely yours, Anna

  • 3rd person (limited) limited = has limited knowledge of a character.
  • omniscient: Knowing Everything.

Third Person Omniscient

he, she, it, his, hers, its, etc.
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Simile and Metaphor

  • similes use like or as
  • metaphors compare things without using like or as.
  • they both compare things.


How to Memorize

  • simile, sounds like smile. and to make you smile you usually use the words "like" or "as"
  • metaphor: "shes a star"

"Similes and Metaphors" by The Bazillions

Types of Poetry

lyric, epic, narrative

lyric: have musical rhythm

Epic: tells a narrative poem of a hero

Narrative: tells a story that uses the thoughts or words of the characters to tell the story.


How To Memorize:

  • Lyric: songs have lyrics, and they also have rhythm.
  • epic: "of, relating to, or characteristic of an epic or epics." tells an "epic" story.
  • Narrative: is just a narration of the story described by the Narrator

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Commonplace assertion

A commonplace assertion is an assertion that is held to be true by most people but not backed up with facts.

its like persuading someone by using stereotypes or exaggerations


ex: blond girls are dumb

ex: people with glasses are smart

ex: everybody loves pizza.


How to Memorize:

. think about the word common in commonplace assertion. you can use it as saying what people most commonly say or what is known to be common.