VCR Lesson 3

Rebecca Melaku

Fill in the Blank with the Most Appropriate Word From Lesson 3

Adolph Hitler, a __________________ of the worst kind, was able to charm his way to power as the chancellor of Germany by promising his people that they would become as powerful as they had been before World War II.
Big image

The Word

demagogue (n.)

[dɛmə-ɡoɡ]


1. A leader or agitator who appeals to people's passions and prejudices rather than to their reason.


(not in VCR)

2. (in ancient times) a leader of the people.


Derivatives:

  • Demagogic
  • Demagogical
  • Demagoguism
  • Demagogy
  • Demagoguery

Synonyms

  • rabble-rouser
  • agitator
  • orator
  • leader

Antonyms

  • follower
  • pushover

Classical Roots

1640s


demos <G. "people"

apogos <G. "Leading"

Connections to History: Cleon, an Ancient Demogogue

This Athenian leader was considered a demagogue because:

  • After the failed revolt by the city of Mytilene, Cleon convinced the Athenians to massacre not just the Mytilenean prisoners, but every man in the city, and to enslave their wives and children. The Athenians changed their minds the next day after coming to their senses.


  • Secondly, Cleon convinced the Athenians to reject the peace offer that Sparta made following the Athenian victory over the Peloponnesian fleet.


  • Lastly, he mocked the Athenian generals for being unable to bring the war in Sphacteria to a quick end by accusing them of cowardice. In fact, he declared that he could finish the job himself in twenty days, even though he had no military knowledge. They took him up on his offer. Cleon attempted to get out of it, but was unsuccessful. Surprisingly, however, Cleon managed to succeed by persuading the general Demosthenes to take on the job for him, instead.

Select THE LETTER OF THE SENTENCE IN WHICH THE WORD IN BOLD-FACED TYPE IS USED INCORRECTLY.

a. Marcus, a demagogue with a silver tongue, was able to charm his way to power as king of the country.

b. Led by the tyrannical demagogue, Jacob van Artevelde, they became the most powerful English party in the Netherlands.

c. Hitler was a dangerous, megalomaniac demagogue.

d. Marco was a demagogue who used logic and reason to convince his people that they needed to revolt against the government.

The Correct Answer is D because demagogues use pathos, not logos, to persuade people.