Unit 1 Test Review

By: Nathan Powell

Page 1

Equator: divides the north and south halves, gets the most direct sunlight. Prime meridian: divides east and west halves

Longitude: up and down. Latitude: side to side

Weather: the condition the atmosphere is in at a particular location and time.

Climate: the term for weather conditions at a particular location over a long period of time.

Relative location: describes a police in comparison with other places

Absolute location: the exact place on earth, longitude & latitude

An area with one or more features that set it apart from other areas is a region.

Reducing distortion: use map projections

Places on earth are wealthier than others because of natural resources

People live near water and fertile land.

Continentality: land heats up and cools down fast while water heats up no cools down slow. Places in the middle of a continent have more diverse weather than people near water.

Seasons: caused by earths tilt. Areas get more direct sunlight at different times in the year.

Natural resources: materials on or in the earth.

Renewable: can be replaced (air, water)

Non-renewable: cannot be replaced ( fossil fuels ).

In-exhaustible: sunlight used for producing power



Air masses



Mountain barriers

Ocean currents

Pressure cells

Storm tracks

Climate regions

Tropical rain forest

Tropical wet/ dry- savanna

Arid- desert

Semi arid- steppe


Marine west coast

Humid subtropical

Humid continental



Ice cap

Highland/ alpine

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Adaptation: how do we change ourselves: air conditioning

Modification: how do we change our environment: pollution

Dependency: how do we rely on our environment: drinking water surfing

Greenhouse gas effect: the layer of gases released by the burning of coal and petroleum that traps solar energy, causing global temp to increase.

If we use fossil fuels at the rate that we do today then we will run out in the near future, also causing pollution

Desertification: process of which an area becomes increasingly dry. Caused by deforestation, drought, and over grazing

Earthquake: when one tectonic plate moves suddenly against another, the release of energy causes and earthquake.

Focus: the location in the earth where an earthquake begins

Epicenter: the point directly above the focus on the earths surface

Seismograph: detects earthquakes by measuring the size of the waves created by an earthquake.

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