Green Revolution and GMOs

Sofia Martinez-Murillo

Causes and Results of the Bengal Famine in 1943

The Bengal Famine was more of a human cause than a natural cause. In 1943, there was more food in India than in 1941, where rice prices were rocketing and there was no famine. This catastrophe in India was started by the shortfall in food production, but was further taken advantage of by the Indian traders who sold all their food at higher prices.


After the British left India, in 1947 India continued to be haunted by the horrendous memories. As a result, famine was rare, and there was often shortage especially in crops.

Basic Elements of the Green Revolution in India

  1. Continued Expansion of Farming Areas
  2. Double-crossing Existing Farmland
  3. Using Seeds with Improved Genetics

Positive Results of the Green Revolution in India

  1. Record grain output of 131 million tons (made India one of the world's biggest agricultural producers)
  2. Yield per unit of farmland improved by more than 30 per cent between 1947 and 1979

Economic positive results of the green revolution in india

  1. India paid back all loans that were taken from the World Bank
  2. Developed countries asked the Indian government to supply them with farmers experienced with the Green Revolution
  3. Increase in irrigation created need for new dams to harness monsoon water

Limitations of the Green Revolution in India

  1. Crops are remained confined to food grains only, not all kinds if agricultural produce.
  2. The Green Revolution hasn't been permanently self-sufficient in food, so India's agricultural output sometimes falls short of demand.

Concerns of the Green Revolution

Human Health Risks


  • Quality of Diet/Lacking Nourishment
-The quality of diet did not improve for the poor, in fact it got lower. This was due to agricultural practices. Critics contended that pesticides runoff killed fish, extracting a very important source of protein for the poor. Because of the Green Revolution, many of the Asian diets decreased since it replaced a lot of their foods with beans and and peas with cereals.


Environmental Impact


  • The Green revolution impacted agricultural biodiversity and wild biodiversity. This means loss of certain genetic traits on no preferred strains of crops. It also effected the environment by increasing the uses of pesticides (DDT), increases irrigation and decreases water tables. It also increases the water sources.

Possible Benefits and Negatives associated with GMOs

Benefits
  • Job Opportunities
  • Impact on the World
  • Creating plants that are resistant to weeds and pesticides
  • Food with better taste, texture, and nutritional value
  • Foods have a longer shelf life, so shipping is easier

Negatives

  • The Green Revolution is not sustainable
  • Poor farmers cannot buy seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation for the Green Revolution to work
  • Wealthy corporations drove out poor independent farmer to a neo-colonialism.
  • Creating jobs, but reducing agricultural jobs
  • Destruction of Agricultural Resources such as desertification