Montgomery Bus Boycott

(1955-1956)

Victory!

The Supreme Court upheld the district court's ruling, issuing its decision in December, followed quickly by a court order to the state to desegregate the buses. The boycott officially ended December 20, 1956. The city passed an ordinance authorizing black bus passengers to sit virtually anywhere they chose on buses. The Montgomery Bus Boycott resounded far beyond the desegregation of public buses. It stimulated activism and participation from the South in the national civil rights movement and gave King national attention as a rising leader.

Rosa Parks was fingerprinted after a subsequent arrest for violating anti-boycott laws in 1956. Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, refused to yield her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested and fined.