Citori Helveston

Location/General Characteristics

Most forests are located in eastern U.S., China, Japan, Canada, Europe, and parts of Russia. The most interesting feature of the forest is the changing seasons. The trees change and lose their leaves each season. The seasons are summer, winter, fall, and spring. The sun and the tilt on the Earth's axis is what causes the seasons to change.

Abiotic Factors

The forest is second in high rainfall. (Tropical is the highest) In winter the precipitation is formed into snow, sleet, and hail. The average rainfall for the forest is 30 to 60 inches per year. Forests have summers averaging at 70*F. Winter in the forest usually doesn't start until December. The types of landforms that are in forests are rivers, ponds, and hills.

Biotic Factors

All kinds of animals live in forests. These animals are: black vole, black bear, gray squirrel, raccoon, white-tailed deer, wild boar, cardinal, Goshawk, turkey, yellow-bellied sapsucker, rat snake, and spring pepper, American bald eagle, coyote, duckbill platypus, chipmunk, dormouse, red squirrel, and a weasel. These animals are a combined amount of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. There are also plants! All different kinds of plants live in a forest, such as: American beech, carpet moss, common lime, Guelder rose, lady fern, Northern arrowwood, pecan, shagbark hickory, tawny milksap mushroom, white birch and white oak.


Cardinals are one of many inhabitants of the forest. It eats mainly seeds. Cardinals are very territorial and aggressive. The female bird is reddish brown and tints of bright red on wings. The male is very bright red and hard to miss.
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White-tailed Deer

White-tailed deer are mammals that also live in the forest. They feed off of grasses, fungi, shrubs, weeds, twigs, nuts, and lichens. This animal is one of the most adaptable animals in the world! White-tailed deers are shy, elusive, and don't run in herds. Deer are able to walk almost immediately after birth.
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Rat Snake

Rat snakes are another type of reptile living in the forest. They feed off of small mammals. Watch out black vole!! They are large snakes and tolerate both wet and dry situations. The snake is agile, good at climbing and hunt small mammals in barns and abandoned areas. Yikes!
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Lady Fern

Many people love lady ferns. They use to decorate other plants and vases or around a garden. When in the wild lady ferns will grow in meadows and thick grassy areas that are semi shaded. Bears and elk eat lady ferns as a minor diet.
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White Birch

The white birch grows little flowers called catkins. They later fly away on the wind and grow another tree. You'll easily recognize this tree because of the fact that they easily peel bark. The bark is used as an easy fire starter because it'll burn even when wet.
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Pecan Tree

The pecan tree can grow to a height of 180 feet! The leaves grow in groups around the amount of 11-17 leaves. The pecan nut (which I love to eat) is long and round with a thin shell. (Which are hard to crack if you use your fingers) Most pecan trees prefer a humid climate. The pecan tree is Texas's state tree.

Ecological Concerns/Issues

Destruction of the Forests

The world knows by now that forests and trees are being cut down. When you cut down a tree you're not just cutting down a tree, but a home. Trees are homes to many species of animals and are food to many others. The next time you cut down a tree you're cutting down everything that depends on trees: fungi, birds, plants and other animals. When they cut down a forest, they try to replant trees; that doesn't work at all. All the animals don't come back. Planting trees then cutting them down, and the cycle goes on; that degrades soil and water nessccary to the area. Most of the destruction comes from overpopulation. They will cut down trees to build new houses, apartments, stores, etc. Also pollution has an effect on trees too. The pollution will go up into the atmosphere, then acid rain will hurt the trees when it sinks into the ground. Forests are also hurt by diseases and pests, not to mention fires and natural disasters. Save the trees and the animals that depend on trees!


All of these pictures and information can be found on these links below. This project was put into my own words with help of the websites I found and used.


This video I found (onSchoolTube) explains and labels different biomes of the world. Enjoy!!