Hispanic Heritage Month
HHM starts September 15, which is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries, and ends on October 15. Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month by celebrating the histories, cultures, and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America.
Facts about Hispanic Culture
- There are 1.1 million Hispanic veterans of the U.S. armed forces.
- Religion plays a significant role in day-to-day life. More than 90 percent of the Spanish- speaking world is Roman Catholic.
- The terms Hispanic and Latino tend to be used interchangeably in the United States for people with origins in Spanish-speaking or Portuguese-speaking countries, like Mexico, Costa Rica, and Brazil. Contrary to many beliefs, Hispanic is not a race, but an ethnicity.
- The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, 1848, ended the Mexican-American War. The United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million. This agreement also included a territorial settlement in which the United States annexed the northern portion of Mexico, resulting in what is today Texas, New Mexico and california.