Type 1 Diabetes

By: Brenna Jeter


Type 1 Diabetes is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.


  • Increased thirst
  • increased hunger
  • dry mouth
  • nausea and occasional vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • frequent urination
  • unexplained weight loss
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
  • heavy, labored breathing
  • frequent infections of skin, urinary tract, or vagina


The exact cause of diabetes is unknown. Some think it is because of genetics, but some also believe that it could be the environment there could be a toxin or a virus that the diabetic is located.


There is no eliminating treatment for type 1 diabetes. There is management though. You can manage your type 1 diabetes by checking your blood sugar every time you eat, counting the carbohydrates of your food, taking insulin through an injection or insulin pump, and keeping your blood sugar constant.


  • 8.3% of the world has type 1 diabetes (25.8 million)
  • 1.9 million new cases are diagnosed in children and adults under the age of 20
  • 11.8% of men under the age of 20 have type 1 diabetes
  • 10.8% of women under the age of 20 have type 1 diabetes


There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes. There are ongoing studies on vaccinations to try and find a prevention.


A person is usually diagnosed with type 1 diabetes because your doctor suspects it. The only ways to diagnose it right now are a blood test that checks for abnormalities in your blood like high blood sugar. Another test that would be done would be a urine test checking for glucose or ketone bodies in the urine.


"Diabetes mellitus type 1 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia , n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_one_di

"Type 1 Diabetes (Juvenile Diabetes) Causes, Symptoms, Treatments." WebMD Diabetes Center: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Tests, and Treatments. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/type-1-diabetes?page=2>.

"Type 1 diabetes: Causes - MayoClinic.com." Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.