The Fight Against "Demon Rum"
What is Prohibition?
- Prohibition: a law or regulation of forbidding something
- Alcohol was banned
- Was practiced from 1919 to 1933
Why and How?
- Why was alcohol banned? And Who?
- Protestant ministers, progressive politicians, or people who believed it would better the nation
- World War I was one of the reasons why it was adopted. People believe that making alcohol was not protecting those at war
- Prohibition started when the Eighteenth Amendment was ratified
- Eighteenth Amendment: the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages was outlawed
- alcohol consumption decreased
- decrease in alcohol related death
- family savings increased
- not enough federal funds to enforce it
- gaping loopholes in the Volstead Act
- allowed possession of alcohol for medical uses or small amounts for home use
- Near Beer allowed (no alcohol in beer), but to make it you must put alcohol in it first, so there was no way to know if taken out
- strength of the alcoholic beverages increased which had unforeseen consequences such as blindness or death
- increase in illegal activities
- famous Chicago Mobster
- greatest symbol of the collapse of law and order
- grew up in New York and member of multiple gangs
- controlled speakeasies, bookie joints, gambling houses, brothels, horse and race tracks, nightclubs, distilleries and breweries
- Speakeasies: not-so-secret-bars hidden from public view
- notorious killing was the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, on February 14, 1929
- men fired more than 150 bullets into the seven victims
- arrested for income tax invasion
The Prohibition ENDS!
- multiple reasons led up to the end
- economics doomed prohibition
- prohibition an abomination
- Twenty-First Amendment: repealing the practice once and for all