ANSWER- They got their independence from the Europeans around 1828. Montevideo became their capital because it helped Uruguay secure their independence.
ANSWER- Not a lot of people farm. They produce a lot cattle and horses. They produce them because the Spaniards brought the cows and horses over with them.
ANSWER- The land-shape is a rolling plain. It has rich soil. The narrow Atlantic coast is sandy and marshy. The plains are good for raising cattle.