By: Victoria, MeeCee, Neha, Arlex
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is known as "baker's yeast or brewer's yeast" because it is commonly used in bakery products. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is very famouse in the food production. Yeast means any of various small single-celled fungi of the phylum Ascomycota that reproduce by fission or budding.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is globular shaped, and can be the color of yellow to green. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a critical component in fermentation by breaking down their food through both aerobic fermentation (which requires oxygen) and anaerobic fermentation (does not require oxygen).
Saccharomyces cerevisiae can extract on the weight of some organs, liver, and pancreatic digestive enzyme activity in breeder hens. It also approve growth performance because of fermentation.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae can survive in an oxygen deficient environment for a period. They also can survive by their ability to have both sexual and asexual reproduction.
Penicillum is a very active ingredient in penicillin, It revolutionized mdeicine all over the world. How? Because it has strong antibacterial properties that helps treat infections caused by bacteria.
Penicillium is mostly found in temperate areas or house dust. They can also be found in soil or cellulose materials. They have a very fast growth rate and are found in colonies. Therefore there is a lot of penicillium fungi packed into one.
Penicillin is used to treat infections caused by bacteria, such as ear infections. It works by interfering with the formation of the bacteria's cell wall while it is growing, weakening the wall and killing the bacteria.
They help survive in their environment by growing indoors by using building material or accumulated soil to obtain nutrients for growth. Specifically, penicillum survives by having sufficient moisture available on a given surface.
Trickoderma is used as bio control agents to control pathogenic soil fungi in different crops. They are found in a wide variety of environments, showing up in soil, forests, wood, and paper. The colony is fast growing, it will typically mature within five days.
Trichoderma appears in the form of colonies of mold which start out transparent turning white or yellowish over time. They are typically found in plant roots. They are spread out through multiple diverse habitats.
Now how is it beneficial? Well for starters, it fights off other fungi. They attack the fungi and gain nutrients to survive in their environment. In soil, they frequently are the most prevalent culturable fungi. They help with plant growth and root growth.