The SIOP Model
Focus Areas: Preparation & Building Background Knowledge
SIOP Model of Instruction
Did you know that students need to interact with content, the teacher, AND other students in order for them to create meaning? (Marzano, 2007, p. 31) It's true! Until recently, researchers believed that if learners were actively engaged with teachers and the content it was enough. We now know that students need more! Let's start at the beginning with the SIOP content and learning objectives...
Content objectives tell what the students will learn during the lesson. This has traditionally been the only objective. The SIOP approach helps us reach more students effectively.
Language objectives tell how the student will show what they have learned through reading, speaking, writing, or listening. Constant assessing allows teachers to adjust as needed during lesson delivery.
Advantages of Using Both
Students need to know what they are learning and how they need to demonstrate understanding. Verbal and written objectives let students know in advance what they are expected to accomplish.
Why are written objectives so important?
Component 2: Building Background Knowledge
In the lesson preparation video, Vogt (n.d) argues reminds us there are three features to the next step in the SIOP model, building background knowledge. First, use and connect a student's background knowledge. Second, make explicit links to past learning. Finally, focus attention on key vocabulary and academic language within the lesson.