Derek Munoz/Eric Risk - Swamps
*The Everglades is 97 kilometers (60 miles) wide and 160 kilometers (100 miles) long.
*In the early 1970s, governments began enacting laws recognizing the enormous value of swamps and other wetlands.
*Shrubs and bushes may grow beneath the trees. Sometimes poking as much as 4 meters (13 feet) above the water are angular knobs called cypress knees.
*There are two main types of swamps: freshwater swamps and saltwater swamps.
- Human impacts- Drainage, filling, mining, logging, water pollution, invasion of human-introduced exotic plants such as Melaleuca; in south Florida, alteration of hydroperiod affects swamps rapidly and profoundly,
- SUBSTRATE: Saturated with water for varying periods each year; amount of organic matter depends on length of saturation, source of water, and fire frequency.
- TOPOGRAPHY: Low-lying; along drainages, around lakes, and in small ponds.
- PROCESSES/DYNAMICS/ABIOTIC FACTORS: Annual length of soil saturation, amount of organic matter accumulation in soil, source of water, and fire frequency determine major characteristics of Florida swamps.
- Vegetation- About 100 species of trees, shrubs, and woody vines commonly found; river swamps most diverse and productive; cypress usually dominates in swamps with frequent fires and fluctuating water levels; high frequency of endemic epiphytes in south Florida swamps.
- Fauna- Many invertebrate species; large and diverse fish populations in swamps adjacent to rivers and lakes; many common amphibians and some reptiles depend on swamps for reproduction; considerable diversity of birds and mammals; rare and endangered birds and mammals most likely to occur in cypress swamps and mixed hardwood swamps.
- There is the american alligator in this ecosystem
List Of Animals
2.)Ulmus americana( elm tree )- large deciduous tree reaches 40 meters in height
3.) Ursus americanus( black bear )- Black bears have a black coat, brown muzzle, and sometimes a white blaze on the chest, black bears are omnivores: they eat both plants and animals.
4.) Puma concolor coryi ( florida panther )- The Florida panther is a subspecies of the cougar, also called puma or mountain lion.
5.)Order Diptera, Family Culcidae ( mosquito )- Only females bite. They require blood from humans or animals in order for their eggs to develop. Male mosquitoes feed on plant nectar and only live a short time after mating.
6.) Toxicodendron radicans ( poison ivy )- Poison ivy is a climbing woody vine with trifoliate leaves that grows well in moist open wooded areas.
Negative impacts:Construction,native animals or plants,draining,pollution,mining,grazing,logging
Have You Ever Heard Of The Everglades?
Classifaction on amarican alligator