Ecology Project

Derek Munoz/Eric Risk - Swamps


*DId you know that In the United States, swamps cover approximately 100,000 sq mi (260,000 sq km)

*The Everglades is 97 kilometers (60 miles) wide and 160 kilometers (100 miles) long.

*In the early 1970s, governments began enacting laws recognizing the enormous value of swamps and other wetlands.

*Shrubs and bushes may grow beneath the trees. Sometimes poking as much as 4 meters (13 feet) above the water are angular knobs called cypress knees.

*There are two main types of swamps: freshwater swamps and saltwater swamps.

abiotic factors

non living

  1. Human impacts- Drainage, filling, mining, logging, water pollution, invasion of human-introduced exotic plants such as Melaleuca; in south Florida, alteration of hydroperiod affects swamps rapidly and profoundly,
  2. SUBSTRATE: Saturated with water for varying periods each year; amount of organic matter depends on length of saturation, source of water, and fire frequency.
  3. TOPOGRAPHY: Low-lying; along drainages, around lakes, and in small ponds.
  4. PROCESSES/DYNAMICS/ABIOTIC FACTORS: Annual length of soil saturation, amount of organic matter accumulation in soil, source of water, and fire frequency determine major characteristics of Florida swamps.

biotic factors

living things

  1. Vegetation- About 100 species of trees, shrubs, and woody vines commonly found; river swamps most diverse and productive; cypress usually dominates in swamps with frequent fires and fluctuating water levels; high frequency of endemic epiphytes in south Florida swamps.
  2. Fauna- Many invertebrate species; large and diverse fish populations in swamps adjacent to rivers and lakes; many common amphibians and some reptiles depend on swamps for reproduction; considerable diversity of birds and mammals; rare and endangered birds and mammals most likely to occur in cypress swamps and mixed hardwood swamps.
  3. There is the american alligator in this ecosystem

List Of Animals

1.) Alligator mississippiensis- Alligators are semi-aquatic, carnivorous reptiles

2.)Ulmus americana( elm tree )- large deciduous tree reaches 40 meters in height

3.) Ursus americanus( black bear )- Black bears have a black coat, brown muzzle, and sometimes a white blaze on the chest, black bears are omnivores: they eat both plants and animals.

4.) Puma concolor coryi ( florida panther )- The Florida panther is a subspecies of the cougar, also called puma or mountain lion.

5.)Order Diptera, Family Culcidae ( mosquito )- Only females bite. They require blood from humans or animals in order for their eggs to develop. Male mosquitoes feed on plant nectar and only live a short time after mating.

6.) Toxicodendron radicans ( poison ivy )- Poison ivy is a climbing woody vine with trifoliate leaves that grows well in moist open wooded areas.

Human impacts

Positive impacts:People plant mangroves their,people protect the animals their,people have laws that you cannot put other animals that are not usually their in the swamps.

Negative impacts:Construction,native animals or plants,draining,pollution,mining,grazing,logging

Have You Ever Heard Of The Everglades?

Classifaction on amarican alligator








Species-alligator mississipiensis

Food web

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