The benefits of Bio-Genetics

Nick Troia, Andy Page, Aurianna Lwin, Josh Adams

Stem Cells

Stem cells have many benefits. They can be used to test new drugs on to see how they will react once in the body on certain tissues. For example, a drug could be tested to see how it will affect cardiac cells before placed on the market to make sure no adverse side affects happen with the heart. Stem cells can also be used in research of diseases by seeing how certain diseases affect tissues of the body. Although there are many more uses for stem cells, one of the biggest in the present time is the regeneration of degenerated tissues. In the present time, stem cells are being injected into damaged body parts, mainly joints or muscles, to repair them and make them stronger than before. There is controversy over stem cells due to the thinking that all are from human embryos, but this is false. While some are from embryos, most are from the patients bone marrow and then siphoning them before injection. The use of stem cells is very effective in healing the body.

Bio-Genetics Helps with Childbirth

Biogenetically engineering the germ cells before actual childbirth can be beneficial to the children. Using a process of selecting cells that don't have certain deadly genetic disorders passed down from the parents and then implanting them back in the mother, the children will be born healthy. Setting out to change the probability of having deadly disorders is the main objective.

As for the actual childbirth, genetic engineering has also successfully allowed infertile couples to have healthy children.

3-D Organ Printing

With 3-D organ printing scientists and doctors now have the ability to print organs by using human cells and tissues. With this people are able to receive organ transplants sooner because the organs are being created. 3-D printing also allows a wider variety of people to have organ transplants given to them because of the easier access 3-D printing gives them. Just like with organs, the 3-D printer can also make prosthetic limbs using human tissue which makes the new limbs look more real than the "robotic limbs". 3-D printing also helps with aesthetic functions such as facial pieces, ears, noses, etc. This is becoming so advanced that new body parts can be printed and look nearly identical as the parts on their faces that were missing. 3-D printing helps the medical field in giving their patients organs, prosthetic limbs, and more, faster.

Gene Editing

Gene Editing is quickly becoming one of the most groundbreaking and useful aspects of biogenetics. Methylation can be used to deactivate genes that are associated with genetic diseases. Along with that, the field of epigenetics allows doctors to change the genomes of people in order to cure non-inherited diseases. On many occasions, this has been used to treat AIDS and certain types of cancers. Unfortunately, the advances made in this field are typically overshadowed by the idea that parents are able to change many things about their child (Sex, eye color, hair color, height, etc.) Although this is really the only true controversial aspect of gene editing, it is unforunately the only one that is typically associated with the topic.

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